Why was Stalin able to defeat his political rivals so easily in the years 1924-29?

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  • Created on: 30-04-15 09:34
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  • Why was Stalin able to defeat his political rivals so easily in the years 1924- 29?
    • Triumvirate against Trotsky.
      • Formed in 1923
      • Stalin allied with Kamenev and Zinoviev.
        • Worked together to defeat Trotsky.
      • Zinoviev convinced the party not to read out Lenin's testament.
        • Testament suggested Stalin should be removed from the party.
          • Stalin could  control who could be in or out of the party.
      • Promoted cult of Lenin.
        • Claimed Trosky's disloyalty to Lenin who missed his funeral.
          • Attacked Trotsky's late entry to the Bolshevik party.
      • The ban on fractions was used to silence the left opposition.
        • Prevented criticism of leadership and party opposition.
      • Trotsky was forced to reigns as war commissar which robbed him of support.
    • He was the best politician.
    • Was seriously underestimated by enemies.
    • Outmanoeuvred his opponents by making and breaking alliances.
      • Dropped an ally when their opponent was defeated.
    • Appealed to left and right wings of the party.
    • Duumvirate against the new opposition.
      • Stalin allied with Bukharin.
      • Zinoviev and Kamenev formed the new opposition.
        • Argued for permanent revolution and an end to the NEP.
        • Lost position as head of Leningrad and Moscow soviet.
      • 1925
      • Filled congress with his supporters to defeat the New opposition in a vote.
        • Lost position as head of Leningrad and Moscow soviet.
    • Duumvirate against the united opposition.
      • 1927
      • Zinoviev, Kamenev and Trotsky joined forces.
        • Had same policies as before.
      • Used ban on factions against United Opposition.
        • Banned from speaking at Congress.
          • Stalin had filled it with his supporters.
        • Zinoviev and Kamenev had to make humiliating apologies to region the party.
        • Trotsky refused to apologise and was expelled and sent into exile.
    • Stalin against the right opposition.
      • Bukharin replaced Zinoviev as Chairman of Comintern.
      • The grain crisis was blamed on the NEP.
        • Bukharin supported the NEP.
          • Was stunned when Stalin suggested ending it immediately and starting the Five Year Plans.
            • Bukharin wasn't as shrewd as Stalin so he was outmanoeuvred.
              • Bukharin was removed from party leadership.
      • 1927
      • Stalin's policies were almost the same as Trotsky's.
        • Appealed to left communists.

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