Why the Union won the Civil War

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  • Why the Union won the Civil War
    • Lost cause theorey
      • Population
        • Union 21 Million People
        • South 9 Million
          • 3.5 Million Slaves
        • 1863 North outnumbered Southern army by over 2:1
        • Casualties        North 642,4427 South 483,026
      • Agriculture
        • Corn production
          • Union 400 Million bushel
          • South 250 Million bushel
        • Livestock
          • Union 40 Million
          • South  35 Million
      • Industry
        • Factories
          • North 101,000
          • South 21,000
        • Railroad
          • North 22,000 miles
          • South 9,500 miles
      • Believed by historian Robert Krick, Brian Pohanka
    • Lack of British intervention
      • British intrests in South
        • Sympathy
        • Cotton 75% of Britsh textile industry relied on Southern cotton
          • 1862-1863 cotton famine Lancashire
      • Why South needed Britain
        • Population difference
        • Industrial capacity
        • Naval blockade
      • Northern diplomacy
        • Adams (US minister in london)Consistantly done everything he could to conserve peace
        • Seward (secretary of state)Skillful states manship
      • Emancipation proclomation
        • Outr ruled chance of intervention
    • Southern disunity
      • Didn't work together to create a national army
        • Governer Joseph Brown of Georgia - Allowed 10,000 Men to avoid the draft of conscription by making them second lieutenants in the militia
      • Reluctant to release materials
        • North Carolina governer Zebulon Vance- Had 100,000 uniforms stored but wouldnt release them to Lee who was in need of them
        • Few states paid the economic cost needed to finance the army
    • Military Leadership
      • Good Union Generals
        • Grant (Butcher Grant)
          • Battles Won
            • Vicksburg campaign
            • Shiloh
            • Appomattox Courthouse
            • Grants overland campaign
          • Consistant
        • Sherman
          • Good tactics (flanking)
          • Moved up army ranks
          • Received thanks from congress x2 for Atlanta and Chattanooga
        • Sheridan
          • Implemented total war
          • 1864    Shenandoah campaign
          • Same mind set as Grant
          • Appomattox campaign
      • Bad Union Generals
        • Pope
          • To aggresive
          • Second Manassas
        • Hooker
          • out played
          • Chancelorville
      • Good Confederate Generals
        • Lee
          • Bleeding the South Dry
          • Seven days
          • Chancellorville
        • Jackson
          • First /secondmanassas
          • Stonewall
      • Bad confederate Generals
        • Hood
          • Defense of Atlanta
          • Aggressive
        • Pemberton
          • Lost several battles during Grants Vicksburg campagn
          • Couldnt use large forces
      • Gary Gallagher believes this
    • Political leadership
      • Lincoln
        • Inflation rose 80%
        • Patient
        • Consistant
        • Accepted criticism
        • Could appoint good generals
      • Davis
        • More military experienc(Mexican War)
        • Couldnt control governement - Stevens
        • Couldnt delegate work
        • Couldnt manage economy inflation rose 9000%
          • Due to printing to much money
        • Not supported
        • Didn't listen
      • David Potter Believed this
    • Missed Southern oppotunities
      • First Manassas
      • The Trent Affair
    • 1864 Election
      • Lincoln realected

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