Why did people start to settle on the Plains?

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  • Created by: Gemma
  • Created on: 06-06-13 12:50
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  • Why did people start to settle on the Plains?
    • Pull Factors
      • Advertising by states and railroad companies
        • All these companies organized their own advertising campaigns to entice people on the Plains
      • The Timber Culture Act - 1873
        • The government realized that 160 acres wasn't enough to support a family
          • This allowed homesteader families to claim a further 160 acres as long as they planted trees on half of it
      • The Home stead Act - 1862
        • Allowing families 160 acres of land free as long as they lived on it and farmed it for 5 years
      • Letters home from from those who had already gone west
        • The letters encouraged people to move as well
    • Push Factors
      • Religious Persecution
        • Religious groups such as Jews and the Amish wanted to move on to the Plains
      • The End of the American Civil War - 1865
        • Slaves gained their freedom
          • Many of the freed slaves wanted to escape persecution from the South so they moved on to the Plains
        • Many ex-soldiers were looking to start a new life and they could do this on the Plains
      • Escaping unemployment and poverty
        • The English, Germans, Irish, Russians and Scots moved on to the Plains to escape unemployment and poverty in their own country

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