Why congress passed laws to limit the number of immigrants to the USA in the early 1920's

LAWS PASSED:

  • Immigrant/Emergency Quota Act 1921- limited the number of immigrants allowed in to 357,000. Each Ethnic group allowed in was 3% of population.
  • National Origins Act 1924, reduced previous to 2%.
  • Immigration Act 1929, reduced number of immigrants allowed in to 150,000
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  • Why congress passed laws the limit the number of immigrants to the USA in the early 1920's
    • LONG-TERM
      • Economic
        • Immigrants blamed for pushing wage levels down.
      • Social
        • Didn't integrate into general US society.
        • By 1920's settlements had formed, Italians in Chicago.
      • Red Scare
        • 1919/1920 believed immigrants a danger to national security.
          • This prejudice continued into the 20's.
    • SHORT-TERM
      • The public feared immigrants, KKK members increased.
        • Government put pressure on by the public.
      • More acts had to be passed due to high amounts of immigration that remained after the war.

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