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Ending of Mass immigration
Immigration before World War One
The 1920s unfolded at the tail end of the greatest wave of immigration in American history
Between 1880 and 1920, more than 25 million foreigners arrived on American shores,
transforming the country
They also departed in large numbers
The New Immigrants…

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Prohibition
Why was prohibition introduced?
Prohibition made it illegal for Americans to make, sell or transport alcohol
For many years, there had been groups in the USA campaigning against alcohol
The Women's Christian Temperance Union and the Anti-Saloon League, supported by many
other Americans with strong Christian beliefs, had argued…

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In the cities, organised criminals, gangsters, soon began to control this illegal trade
They were involved in other `rackets', such as gambling, prostitution and `protection', but their largest
profits came from moonshine, bootlegging and the speakeasies
Such gangsters achieved control of areas of the cities through violence
Rival gangs fought…

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Due to it being an infringement of basic rights many ordinary people disobeyed the law and became
supporters of bootlegging
This support led to organised crime increasing massively and being glamorised
In contrast to Prohibition unorganised and under-financed ability, organised crime was sophisticated
and had heavy financial power (for example…

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The Red Scare
Inflation and Strikes
After the First World War, high inflation caused industrial unrest
In 1920 prices had doubled since 1913
It was estimated that during 1919, four million workers went on strike
Many believed that strikers were led by Communists who sought revolution in the USA
It…

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The Rise of the Ku Klux Klan
What was the KKK?
The KKK was a white supremacist organisation active during the civil rights movement
They were known to harass, beat, and even murder African Americans to prevent their participation in
the political process
Klan members feared growing black political strength…

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Used to be (1st Klan) exclusively democratic (1865-1874) People (NAACP) opposed the
nd
Now (2Klan) were republicans (1915-1944) KKK
Most powerful KKK members of 1920s in Indiana Many prominent Protestant
Over 30% of Indiana's white male citizens were ministers spoke out against the
KKK members KKK

The decline in support…

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