Weimar Government

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  • Weimar Government
    • Weimar Constitution and political parties
      • The president head of state; elected by the people every 7 years
        • Powers: Dissolve Reichstag, select Chancellor
        • Article 48: Emergencies allowed to make laws without the Reichstag
      • Reichstag: represenve assembly and law making body of the parliment
      • Chancellor: appointed by the president and needs support by the president
      • Supporters: SPD, Centre Party, DDP and DVP (German People's Party
      • Opponents: Conservative party (DVP) - wanted constitutional monarchy   Right wing DNVP (opposed prior to 1925 and after 1929)
      • Bill of Rights: Gave individuals rights such as freedom of speech and right to belong to a union
    • Treaty of Versailles
      • War Guilt : Acceptance to the blame of starting the war.
      • Disarmament: army reduced to 100,000 men. Banned from having aircraft and submarines
      • Reparations:£6.6million to pay for damages
      • Territorial Arrangements: Alsace and Lorraine lost to France. Forbidden from uniting with Austria. Poland access to sea by Ger,am split
    • Threats
      • Left
        • Spartacist Uprising (1919)
          • Wanted to create a soviet republic
            • Armed uprising in Berlin; formation of revolutionary committee and general strikes
              • Crushed by the Germany Army and Freikorps (nationalist soldiers against Communism
        • German October (1919-23)
          • number of strikes and the creation of an SPD'KPD state of government
            • Overthrown by German army; unorganised and poor leadership
      • Right
        • Kapp Putsch (1920)
          • Anger towards rearmament to Germany's army
            • Seized government district of Berlin by 12,000 troops
              • Failed to win support from civil service
        • Munich Putsch (1973)
          • Hitler's wish to destroy republic regime
            • Nazi supporters seized a large rally and declaration of the revolution
              • insuffiecent support and resist from the army. HOWEVER, considered a dangerous threat to republic
      • Stab in the back myth: nationalist right stated that those who supported the weimar government were portrayed as traitors and un-german
    • Inflation and Hyper inflation
      • Needed to pay back reparations, led to increase of paper money printing.
      • Ruhr Crisis (1921): France and Belgium invaded Ruhr . which added tp the damaged Germany Economy
      • Consequences
        • Damage to the middle class
        • Businessmen and homeworkers able to pay off debts and mortgages
        • saving bonds became worthless and wiped out in the inflation
        • Increase in crimes and suicides


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