Weimar and Nazi Germany overview

  • Created by: Ella
  • Created on: 09-06-19 15:49
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  • Weimar and Nazi Germany
  • Nazi control and dictatorship
    • Hitler dismantled German dimocracy
      • Forced the passing of the enabling act through the reichstag
        • Gave him unlimited power for four years
      • Eliminated any potential sources of opposition
        • Other political parties
        • Trade unions
        • Ernest Rohm (Leader of the SA)
    • President Hindenburg died in 1934
      • Hitler declared himself Fuhrer
    • Totalitarian state
      • Government controlled every aspect in life
      • Control established
        • Cencorship
        • Propoganda
        • opposition
        • Everyday life controlled by Nazi ideals
      • Used three weapons to control people
        • Schutzstaffel (**)
          • ensured the population remained undet control
          • any potential threats to the Nazis were dealt with
          • Oversaw the Gestapo (secret police)
            • Spied on the German people
            • ran concentration camps
        • Control of the legal system
          • All judges had to swear an oath of loyalty to the Fuhrer
          • All lawyers had to join the Nazi Lawyers' association
          • Made harder to defend people placed on trial for suspected crimes
            • Death penalty used more widley than before
        • Propoganda and cencorship
          • Joseph Goebbels ran the Ministry of Propoganda
            • Job to convince the German people to embrace Nazi rule
          • Control of press, radio and the arts, rallies and sports events
      • Police state and laws protect the Nazis against opposition
  • Life in Nazi Germany
    • Economy
      • Hitler claimed that he had rapidly reduced unemployement figures under the Nazis
      • National service meant young men were not counted as being unemloyed
      • Women and jews left out of figures
      • Living standards didn't improve
      • Workers expected to attend schemes like Strength Through Joy
        • Gave them cheap holidays instead of having trade union rights
    • Social Policy
      • Women
        • Expected to embrace life around the '3 Ks' of Kinder, Kuche, Kirche (Children, Kitchen and Church)
        • Duty to produce and raise children
        • Encouraged to give up work and recieve loans and awards for having lots of children
      • Young people
        • Target for Nazis propaganda
        • School curriculum altered
          • Promoted Nazi ideology
        • Expected to join Nazi youth groups such as Hitler Youth and League of the German maids
      • Control or limit Christianity
        • official church- Reich Church.
        • restrictions on worship
    • Persecution
      • Nazi ideology focused that the Aryan of Northern Europe was superior to all others and some races were sub-human
      • any weakness in the Aryan race, like disabled people, should be weeded out to maintain racial purity
      • Many groups who the Nazis did not like weretargeted and persecuted
        • Euthanasia
        • imprisonment in concentration camps
        • Loss of civil rights
      • Jews
        • Loss of German citicenship and civil rights
        • Holocaust
          • Loss of 6 million Jews

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