Weimar Germany 1918-1929

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: SPatel135
  • Created on: 20-05-17 11:46
View mindmap
  • Weimar Republic 1918-1929
    • The Treaty Of Versailles - TRAWL.
      • Territory -The Saarland  to the League of Nations, Rhineland was demilitarized, Alsace Lorraine given back to France.
      • Armaments - Germany's army was reduced to 100,000 troops, 6 warships, no Luftwaffe, no submarines or tanks.
      • War Guilt - Germany had to take all the blame for the war
      • League Of Nations - Germany were not allowed to join the League Of Nations
      • Reparations - Germany were forced to pay £6.6 billion to amend for the damage they caused in the war.
    • Weaknesses
      • Proportional Representation (PR). This meant more extreme parties could get into the Reichstag, influencing it.
      • Article 48 - When a decision was not agreed on, the president could use Article 48 to pass laws without the Reichstag's consent.
    • Political Opposition.
      • Spartacists Revolt - Rosa Luxembourg and Karl Liebknecht led communists into Berlin taking over government headquarters.Ebert used the Freikorps to stop the revolt killing over 100 spartacists.
      • Kapp Putsch - Some of the Freikorps turned and decided to follow Wolfgang Kapp and march into Berlin threatening to overthrow the Weimar regime. Ebert was forced to flee to Dresden. Ebert ordered a general strike which meant Kapp had to give up.
    • Occupation Of The Ruhr
      • Germany were unable to pay reparations in 1923, so France and Belgium invaded the Ruhr with the intent to claim its materials as payment
        • This was allowed under the Treaty Of Versailles
        • Ebert organised a passive resistance response - all workers will still be paid while not working
          • This forced the French and Belgians out of the Ruhr
      • Germany having to pay the workers and reparations led to hyperinflation
        • This meant Germany printed out more money than it could afford
          • In November 1923, the mark (German currency) became worthless.
            • $1 was 4 marks before hyperinflation. In July 1923, $1 was 160,000 marks. In November 1923, $1 was 4.2 trillion marks
          • On top of that, the passive resistance meant no goods were being made to account for the hyperinflation
          • One case was when a woman put the money in wheelbarrow to take to the shops, but was robbed of the wheelbarrow - the money was left
        • People started to use money for domestic purposes - burn it for fuel and use it as a toy for children
        • Some benefited however - they could pay off any debts they had
    • Golden years- Gustav Stresemann
      • Gustav Stresemann solved many of the problems Germany was facing when he was appointed chancellor in Aug 1923
        • Dealing with hyperinflation - Stresemann replaced the mark with the retenmark and old marks were recalled and burned. The new currency was quickly accepted and inflation was brought under control
        • Dealing with reparations - Stresemann organised two plans with Germany - The Dawes Plan and The Young Plan. The Dawes Plan provided US loans to help with the economy. The Young Plan lowered reparations by a quarter of the original amount and Germany was given 59 years to pay them
        • The Kellog-Briand Pact and Locarno Pact - The Kellog-Briand Pact was signed by Germany alongside 65 nations, promising not to use violence to settle disputes. The Locarno Pact meant Germany, France and Belgium  to respect their joint borders.
        • Germany also joined the League Of Nations in 1926 and was given 'Great Power' which meant they could have a say in major decisions
      • Improvement Of Living Standards
        • Wages - By 1928, wages increased by 10% for The Working Class. The Middle Class did not benefit however.
        • Housing -The Government launched mass housing projects. Between 1924-31. 2,000,000 houses were built and 200,000 renovated Homelessness was reduced by 60%. This also created employment.
        • Unemployment - In 1927,the Weimar Republic extended the unemployment insurance law. Alongside,there was benefits for war veterans, wife and children and the disabled,
        • Women
          • Politically, they gained the power to vote and were elected into the Reichstag. There was equality in education , civil service jobs and pay
          • Employment - Societies expectations saw women as home makers.  Women started to work as teachers and in the civil service. Women had more freedom - they could smoke and drink and divorce was made easier.
    • Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated on Nov 9 1918, two days before the armistice was called.
      • The Social Democratic Party of Germany, or S.P.D took over as they were the largest party in the Reichstag. Led by Freidrich Ebert, who instantly signed an armistice.
        • German people came up with the Dolchstoss ('The stab in the back myth' as they though they had been winning the war

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Weimar Germany 1918-1929 resources »