Case Studies

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  • Created by: jel
  • Created on: 02-03-14 18:55
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  • Water On The Land
    • UK Reservoir Case Study (Rutland Water)
      • Economical
        • Popular tourist destination due to wildlife and recreational facilities
        • Around 6km² of land flooded - farmers lost livelihoods
      • Social
        • Recreational activities, e.g. cycling and sailing
        • Jobs created to build and maintain reservoir
        • Schools use it for educational visits
        • 2 villages demolished to make way for reservoir
      • Environmental
        • Wildlife is protected (site of special scientific interest)
        • hundreds of species of birds live around the reservoir
        • A variety of habitats are found around the reservoir
        • Large area of land flooded to build - habitats destroyed
      • Management
        • Sustainable - get water they need without stopping people in the future having enough
        • People can only take out as much that is replaced by rivers
    • Flooding Case Study (South Asia)
      • Causes
        • Heavy rainfall- 900mm fell in July - saturated soil - increased runoff into rivers
        • Melting snow from Himalayan mountains increased discharge
        • Peak discharge of both rivers happened at the same time increased discharge downstream
      • Primary effects
        • Over 2000 deaths
        • 25m homeless
        • 44 schools destroyed
        • Livestock killed
        • Many houses destroyed in India
        • Many roads destroyed
        • Rivers polluted with rubbish and sewage
      • Secondary effects
        • Children lost out on education
        • Water-borne diseases
        • Reduced rice yields
        • Farmers and factory workers unemployed
      • Immediate response
        • Many people didnt evacuate from flooded areas
        • Blocked transport links slowed evacuation
        • Other governments and international charities distributed food, water and medical aid
        • Rescue boats were sent to help those who were stranded
      • Long term response
        • International charities have funded the rebuilding of homes, agriculture and fishing industries
        • Some homes were rebuilt on stilts so theyre less likely to be damaged by future floods
    • Flooding Case Study (Carlisle, England)
      • Causes
        • Heavy rainfall - 200m fell in 36 hours - continuous rainfall saturated soil - increasing runoff
        • Large urban area - impermeable materials - increased runoff - discharge increased
      • Primary effects
        • 3 deaths
        • Thousands homeless
        • 4 schools flooded
        • 350 businesses shut down
        • Some roads and bridges damaged
        • Rivers polluted with rubbish and sewage
      • Secondary effects
        • Children lost out on education
        • Stress related illnesses increased
        • 3000 jobs at risk
      • Immediate response
        • People evacuated from areas that flooded
        • Temporary accomodation was set up for the homeless
        • Reception centres opened to provide food and drink
      • Long term response
        • Community groups set uo to provide emotional support
        • Flood defense scheme set up to improve flood defences

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