Vygotsky's Application to Education

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  • Vygotsky Application
    • Scaffolding
      • Child doesn't need to be ready
      • MKO must support child through ZPD
      • Allows them to work on their own
      • Olson & Pratt
        • Instruction should be slightly beyond own achievement
          • If too advanced, frustration occurs
    • Bransford
      • Motivate
      • Simplify
      • Maintain focus
      • Performance
      • Reduce frustration
      • Demonstrate
    • Collaboration
      • Group work gives children the chance to talk, developing ideas
    • Olson & Pratt
      • Instruction should be slightly beyond own achievement
        • If too advanced, frustration occurs
    • Corner
      • Fathers helped 2yr old children in problem solving
      • Researcher rated quality
        • Inter-rater reliability
        • High quality scaffolding = more improvement
          • Reductionist
            • Self teaching
    • Gokhale
      • Collaboration
        • Group work gives children the chance to talk, developing ideas
      • Compared performance of 2 groups
        • Both groups saw a lecture and completed a worksheet
          • One worked in a group and the other didn't
      • Collaborative learners did better
        • Stimulated thinking

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