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Lucy Warnes

Discuss Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development (8 + 16 marks)

Vygotsky proposed that children are born with elementary mental functions, such as perception
and memory, which are later transformed into higher mental functions. However, recent research
suggests that higher mental functions are not uniquely human as chimpanzees have…

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Lucy Warnes

environments; if social influence was all that was needed to advance cognitive development,
learning would be a lot faster that it currently is.

An advantage of the Vygotskian approach is that it provides a bridge between social and cognitive
domains. This makes it a more positive approach than…


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