Unit 1 charles hall 123

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  • Unit 1
    • Aristotle
      • He was a empiricist
      • Born 15 years after socrates death so not influenced by him
      • The theory of the four causes
        • 1.Material cause
          • What it is made from
        • 2.Efficient cause
          • How was it made
        • 3.Formal cause
          • Characteristics
        • 4.Final cause
          • It's purpose
        • if somthing is achiveing it's purpose then to aristotle is is good
      • The prime mover
        • "The series must start with somthing, since nothing can come from nothing"
        • outside space and time
        • There must be an uncaused cause
        • Perfect
        • Simple(cannot be broken down)
        • Immutable(cannot change)
        • Weaknesses
          • Where did the prime mover come from if it is only though
          • Existance is a brute fact, requiring no final cause" Betrand Russell
          • Infinite Regression
          • Aristotle
            • He was a empiricist
            • Born 15 years after socrates death so not influenced by him
            • The theory of the four causes
              • 1.Material cause
                • What it is made from
              • 2.Efficient cause
                • How was it made
              • 3.Formal cause
                • Characteristics
              • 4.Final cause
                • It's purpose
              • if somthing is achiveing it's purpose then to aristotle is is good
            • The prime mover
              • "The series must start with somthing, since nothing can come from nothing"
              • outside space and time
              • There must be an uncaused cause
              • Perfect
              • Simple(cannot be broken down)
              • Immutable(cannot change)
              • Weaknesses
                • Where did the prime mover come from if it is only though
                • Existance is a brute fact, requiring no final cause" Betrand Russell
                • Infinite Regression
              • Strengths
                • The final cause allows people to have a purpose
                • The knowledge is from the sensory world witch we have expirence of
        • Strengths
          • The final cause allows people to have a purpose
          • The knowledge is from the sensory world witch we have expirence of
    • Plato
      • The Analogory of the cave
        • Can't trust sensory knowledge
          • Our sense can be decieved
        • Meanings
          • Prisioners - Humans
          • The Cave - Our world
          • Shadows - What we see
          • The outside world - What is true
          • The prisioner that escaped - Philosopher
          • The sun - A piroir knowledge and goodness
      • The theory of the forms
        • Good is the most important form
        • The world of the forms is perfect and unchaanging
        • There is a perfect form of everything
        • We recognise forms because we are born with a dim recollection of them
        • Weaknesses
          • Good is subjective
          • It seems unlikly that there will be a perfect form of everything. eg cancer
          • It does not help us to make sense of the world
          • It cannot be proved
        • Strenghs
          • Explains why we recognise essential elements of somthing
          • helps us to understand imperfections in the world
          • incourages us to not accept things at face value
        • There is a hierarchy of forms

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