ICT - Unit 10

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  • Created by: BethScott
  • Created on: 23-04-15 12:37
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  • Unit 10
    • Health problems
      • Back ache
        • Problems
          • Incorrect posture
          • Computer users tend to slouch
            • Incorrect posture
          • Laptop users tend to work with computer on their knee
          • Can be made worse with poorly designed chair
        • Prevention
          • Adjustable chair
            • Adjustments should be made to suit you
          • Adjustments should be made to suit you
          • Ensure screen is at the correct angle and directly in front of you
          • Use a footrest
      • Repetitive strain injury (RSI)
        • Causes
          • Repetitive actions eg typing, or mouse clicking
          • Aches in hands, wrists, arms and neck
          • Can eventually be painful and disabling
          • Can be avoided
        • Prevention
          • Adjust chair to suit you
          • Use a document holder
          • Use a wrist rest
          • Ensure you have enough workspace
          • Keep wrists straight when keying
          • Position the mouse so your wrist can be kept straight
          • Learn how to type properly
      • Eye strain, effects...
        • Causes blurred vision and headaches
        • Can be caused by focusing on screen for long periods
        • Caused by glare/reflections on screen/ dirty screen
        • Prevention
          • Keep screen clear
          • Avoid glare by using adjustable blinds
          • Take regular breaks
          • Look away from screen to focus on distant object
          • Have regular eye tests
      • Stress - can be caused by...
        • Place of work
        • Having to learn new technology
        • Frustrating software
        • Losing work
        • Problems with viruses
      • Extra low frequency radiation (ELF)
    • The law - Health and safety regulations (1992)
      • Requires employers to...
        • Inspect workstations - assess and reduce risks
        • Ensure that workstations meet certain standards
          • Chairs
            • Adjustable back rest
            • Allow the seat height to be adjusted
            • 5-castor base
            • Adjustable arm rests
          • Footrest
            • Allow the user to have the back crease of their knee slightly higher than the pan of the chair
          • Keyboards
            • Should be separate from the screen
            • Should be tiltable
            • Should have a matt surface to reduce glare
            • Should include enough space to rest your wrists
            • Ergonomic Keyboards
              • Designed to help RSI
              • Takes a bit of getting used to
              • Can be hard to convince others to try using one
          • Lights
            • No point sources of light (to reduce reflections on the screen)
            • Adjustable blinds reduce amount of sunlight
            • Matt grey input devices to reduce glare
          • Other office equipment
            • Desks - correct height
            • Non-reflective surface
            • Plenty of room to work
        • Plan work so there are breaks or changes in activity
        • Arrange free eye-tests for employees and provide free glasses if needed
        • Provide health and safety training

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