Types of Fibre

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  • Types of Fibre
    • Natural Fibres
      • From natural resources
      • Harvested, cleaned, straightened before spun into a yarn
      • Usually comes in staples lengths - silk in filament fibres
      • Renewable, biodegradable, recyclable, sustainable, absorbent, strong
      • Poor resistance to biological damage
    • Regenerated Fibres
      • The fibres have a renewable origin, but many are made using synthetic chemicals
        • Making them less sustainable to natural fibres
        • Some fibres like Tencel are produced so that most of the chemicals can be recycled
      • Made from natural resources that are chemically treated
      • They tend to have similar properties to natural fibres
        • Natural Fibres
          • From natural resources
          • Harvested, cleaned, straightened before spun into a yarn
          • Usually comes in staples lengths - silk in filament fibres
          • Renewable, biodegradable, recyclable, sustainable, absorbent, strong
          • Poor resistance to biological damage
    • Synthetic Fibres
      • Non-renewable so less sustainable
      • Made from polymers
        • They mainly come from coal or oil
        • E.G. polyester, LYCRA, and acrylic, nylon (coal)
      • Can be changed by heating ( pleats)
      • Man-made fibres
      • Melted or dissolved in solution - forced through tiny holed and hardened to form filament fibres
      • Resistant to biological damage

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