Treatment and Punishment of Crime

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  • Treatment and Punishment of Crime
    • Aim prison - punish criminals
      • Behavioral Theory
    • Zero Tolerance Policy
      • New York, 1994
        • Crime > 34%
          • Economic growth
            • 7,000 police
              • Move Crime
                • Alienate communities
        • Homicide . 50%
          • Economic growth
            • 7,000 police
              • Move Crime
                • Alienate communities
      • Aim...
    • Operant conditioning
      • Reduce recidivism rates
      • Hobbs & Holt (1976)
        • Improvement in target behaviors
          • Under controlled conditions
            • Little training + economical
              • High commitment
                • Motivated
                  • Can't be generalised to the real world
    • Doesn't address the cause of the behavior
      • Cognitive programs
        • Reasoning and Rehabilitation (R&R)
          • Assumes offenders are unsocialised
            • Taught life skills e.g.
        • Effective for male offenders
          • Ineffective + doesn't work
            • Medium / high risk offenders
              • Thinking patterns
            • Low risk offenders
              • Other causes
        • Effective - high IQ etc.
          • Many prisoners don't...
            • Cann (2006)
              • Ineffective female offenders
                • Cognitive programs
                  • Reasoning and Rehabilitation (R&R)
                    • Assumes offenders are unsocialised
                      • Taught life skills e.g.
                  • Effective for male offenders
                    • Ineffective + doesn't work
                      • Medium / high risk offenders
                        • Thinking patterns
                      • Low risk offenders
                        • Other causes
                  • Effective - high IQ etc.
                    • Many prisoners don't...
                      • Cann (2006)
                        • Ineffective female offenders
                          • Commit crime for different reasons
                          • CP for men - Gender bias
                  • Aim - change people think
                    • Should last effects on recidivism
                      • 1st year =      > conviction rates
                        • Not 2nd year
                • Commit crime for different reasons
                • CP for men - Gender bias
        • Aim - change people think
          • Should last effects on recidivism
            • 1st year =      > conviction rates
              • Not 2nd year

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