To what extent did life improve for Germans under Nazi ruling,

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  • Created on: 02-03-14 09:59
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  • To what extent has life improved for Germans under Nazi rule?
    • Women
      • Improved
        • Nazi's considered a women's natural role was to be a mother and a wife.
          • This was described as 'Kinder, Kirche and Kuche' (Children, church and kitchen'
        • The Law for Reduction of Unemployment in June 1933 which meant loans of up to 1,000 Reichmarks on the conditions that women give up work,
          • A quarter of the loan was cancelled each time a child was born,
          • 800,000 took these loans up,
        • There were medal for the most productive mother, 4 children=bronze, 6 children= silver, 8 children=gold
        • Laws against abortion were reinforced as families were getting smaller.
          • In 1900, there had been two million live births per year, but in 1933, this had dropped to one million,
          • By 1936, there were 30% more births than in 1933,
        • There was lots of social activities for women
        • Lots of women were still employed by Nazi organisations such as the German Farming Industry
        • In 1938, they changed the divorce laws so men and women could divorce if they couldn't have children,
      • Didn't improve
        • German women who had positions of responsibility were sacked and married women were discouraged from working,
          • This happened to thousands of women doctors and civil servants in 1933,
          • Women could no longer be judges or serve on the jury,
        • Policies towards women weren't always successful
          • There was a shortage of building materials due to rearmament so it was hard for large families to find a suitable home,
          • When there was a shortage of workers due to the army, women did paid work. In 1939, may women were in paid employemtn
          • In 1937, the marriage loans were scrapped there was a compulsory year of working,
            • This could meant helping on a farm in return for B and B but no money,
            • Many women did get jobs but not nearly as the Nazi's had hopped,
        • Women had to dress a certain way
          • Hair should be worn in plaits or in a bun and shouldn't be dyed or permed
          • Make-up was discouraged as well as trousers,
          • Slimming was discouraged as they had to be capable of healthy child bearing,
    • Children
      • Improved
        • The majority of children like the Youth Organisations as they were fit and healthy,
        • Hitler Youth Organisation were provided which taught the children more about their future roles,
          • Girls would be taught housekeeping like how to make a bed, etc
          • The boys would be taught military training like boxing,
        • They felt unified and part of something great,
        • They organisations made them feel special and valued as they were told they were the future of Germany,
      • Didn't improrve
        • Boys and girls were so tired from attending even classes that they could barely stay awake the next day,
        • By 1938, attendance was at 25% that in 1939, attendance was compulsory,
          • By 1939, only 18% of children had not joined,
        • Nazi's controlled German schools so they were taught 'more important' subjects like biology, history, German,
          • This means children were constantly exposed to propaganda like Nazi policies in school. They were constantly indoctrinated,
          • There was a lot of pressure as if you didn't pass exams, you would be expelled,
        • People who weren't disabled or weren't the perfect German, like became very difficult,
    • Economy
      • Improved
        • Hitler spent a lot of money on job-creation schemes like 'autobahn' which created jobs
          • By 1939, THe Labour Front had 44,500 paid officials,
          • The army grew in 1939 to 1.4 million
        • He gave the people hope by promising 6 million unemployed people jobs
        • The re-armament stimulated other industries like coal and chemical production which means more jobs
          • The iron and steel industry trebled
          • Iron-ore mining increased by 500%
        • Using the four year Plan in 1936, Germany was moving towards self-sufficiency
        • Unemployment decreased from 6 million in 1933 to 302,000 in 1939
        • Small business owners benefitted as large department stores were banned from being created and competition from Jewish businesses stopped,
        • Big businesses benefitted from Government money,
        • 'Strength through joy' provided leisure activities to ensure a happy workforce,
      • Didn't improve
        • The money Hitler spent on job creation schemes was public money,
        • Huge amounts of money were spent on re-armament but it was short-term and couldn't be sustained
        • The huge fall in unemployment came from Jews not being counted as week as women and opponents of Nazi's,
        • German heavy industry was still reliant in Swedish iron ore and some foods were still imported so no self-sufficient,
        • Farmers have new food targets that must be met,
          • One chicken must lay 65 eggs per year,
        • Workers had to join the which only gave pocket money wages,
    • Culture
      • Improved
        • Traditional art was looked at highly like paintings of the perfect Aryan family,
      • Didn't improve
        • It was restricted through censorship and propaganda,
        • Modern art was dismissed as 'degenerate',
        • Plays and films were checked for having themes that promoted Nazi ideals,
        • The Permissive society of Weimar Germany with its nightclubs and jazz music was banned,
        • The work of Jewish writers and composers were banned,
          • Many left like Albert Einstein
        • In 1933, students were encouraged to burn huge piles of banned books from libraries,
  • Policies towards women weren't always successful
    • There was a shortage of building materials due to rearmament so it was hard for large families to find a suitable home,
    • When there was a shortage of workers due to the army, women did paid work. In 1939, may women were in paid employemtn
    • In 1937, the marriage loans were scrapped there was a compulsory year of working,
      • This could meant helping on a farm in return for B and B but no money,
      • Many women did get jobs but not nearly as the Nazi's had hopped,
  • Hitler Youth Organisation were provided which taught the children more about their future roles,
    • Girls would be taught housekeeping like how to make a bed, etc
    • The boys would be taught military training like boxing,

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