The North Sea strom surge, 1953

Mini case study for the topic of Tides within Coastal Environments

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  • TIDES: The North Sea storm surge 1953
    • Causes
      • Severe atmospheric depression: pressures ranged from 968mb to 1030mb
      • Strong winds generated waves more than 8m in height
      • Winds of force 10 were reported from exposed parts of Scotland and Northern England
      • The surge measured nearly 3m in Norfolk and even more in the Netherlands
    • Social Impacts
      • More than 2,000 people drowned. 307 in eastern England and 1,800 in the Netherlands.
      • By midnight, Felixstowe, Harwich and Maldon had been flooded, with much loss of life.
    • Environment-al Impacts
      • Hurricane force winds blew down more trees in Scotland than were normally felled in a year.
      • About 160,000 hectares of eastern England were flooded
      • Salt water from the North Sea flooded agricultural land
      • 200,000 hectares were flooded in the Netherlands
    • Economic Impacts
      • 100m of sea wall collapsed in London's East End, causing more than 1000 houses to be inundated and 640,000 cubic metres of Thames water to flow into the streets of West Ham
      • The promenades of Mablethorpe and Sutton-on-Sea were wrecked
      • A car ferry, the Princess Victoria, sank with the loss of 133 lives - but 41 of the passengers and crew survived
      • From Yorkshire to the Thames Estuary, coastal defences were pounded by the sea and gave way under the onslaught


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