Coastal flooding can be caused by a number of factors:
- Storm Surges (Storm Surge of 1953)
- Tropical Cyclones (Hurricane Katrina 2005)
- Tsunamis (South Asia, 26.12.04)
- Global Warming
If global temperatures continue to rise and land ice melts, global sea levels will rise.
Warmer sea temperatures also cause sea levels to rise - Warm water expands.
Low Lying areas are at risk of flooding - Bangladesh and the Maldives.
The Storm Surge of 1953
STORM SURGE - a rise in sea level associated with very low pressure systems and high wind.
3 contributing factors to coastal flooding are:
- Height of the land above sea level
- The Tidal range