Psychology: The Self Notes

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  • Created by: ccaitlin
  • Created on: 09-06-14 15:04
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  • The Self
    • Core Theory
      • Self Concept, how you see yourself
      • Self Esteem, how you feel about yourself
      • Ideal Self, who/what you'd like to be like
      • Self Actualisation, full potentional
      • Unconditional Positive Regard, someone will love and support you no matter what
        • Positive Regard, how people judge us in a positive way
        • Conditional Positive Regard, you can be given a compliment but someone can change it into something negative
    • Core Study
      • Aim: to find out if having a pet affects your self esteem
      • Procedure: 131 students from Illinois, all pet owners answered a questionnaire containing a scale to measure Self Esteem/Concept, attachment and authomy
      • Results: it showed that people with pets were likely to have a higher self esteem and authomy and 11 year old had a higher self concept.
    • Alternative Theory
      • Psychologist believe that traits of the personality are developed when you're born such as an extrovert will be likely to love taking risks.
  • Results: it showed that people with pets were likely to have a higher self esteem and authomy and 11 year old had a higher self concept.
  • Application: Counselling
  • Criticisms of the Core Theory
    • Vague concepts, everyone's different.
    • It's not scientific, it's not been proven by any scientific experiements
  • Criticisms of the Core Study
    • Questionnaires aren't always reliable, people can lie
    • Self Esteem is too complex to rate on a scale

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