The Ontological Argument

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  • Created by: Lily
  • Created on: 17-04-13 18:14
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  • THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT "a priori argument, formulated through reason alone"
    • ANSELM & THE 4 PREMISES
      • 1. God is greater than anything that can be conceived.
        • ANSELMS REPLY
          • Island = contingent. Contingent = not-existing
          • A greater being cannot not-exist
          • Therefore, Gods existence is necessary
          • Island has no intrinsic maximum so can be bettered. God can't. You can't compare them
      • 2. Both believers & non accept this
      • 3. It is possible to exist both in the mind and in reality.
      • 4. It is greater to exist in both than just in the mind.
      • Therefore a God that is "great" must exist in reality aswell as the mind.
    • GAUNILO & THE FOOL
      • I can perceive of the greatest possible isalnd
        • ANSELMS REPLY
          • Island = contingent. Contingent = not-existing
          • A greater being cannot not-exist
          • Therefore, Gods existence is necessary
          • Island has no intrinsic maximum so can be bettered. God can't. You can't compare them
      • As it is greatest to exist in the mind and reality then so should the island
      • A real and perfect isaldn is absurd so by default so is Anselms argument
    • DESCARTES "Gods essence is my existence"
      • I can concieve of a perfect being and i must assert all of its perfections
      • Necessary existence is a perfection
      • Anything that has never not-existed then cannot be perfect
      • Therefore a supremely perfect being like God must exist
    • KANT
      • Existence is not a predicate
      • Existential propositions are synthetic
      • Saying something exists is merely a description. e.g cows
      • Predicate of existence is not intrinsic but attached
      • The concept of a truly supremem being does not have to be true in reality
    • MALCOMS RESURRECTION
      • If God came into existence now he would not be God
      • If God does not exist now then existence is impossible (eternity not duration)
      • Therefore Gods existence is either necessary or impossible
      • Existence would only be possible if it was illogical
      • If not it is necessary
        • Once one accept the notion of necessary existence no question remains over Gods existence
          • THEREFORE, THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT CAN ONLY CONVICNE BELIEVERS AS THEY HAVE GRASPED THE CONCEPT
    • AQUINAS
      • There is no agreed definition for God

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