The influence of culture on Relationships

The influence of culture on Relationships

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  • Created by: Charlie
  • Created on: 18-12-12 14:33
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  • The influence of culture on Relationships
    • In western cultures being in love is seen as a vitial part of being in a commited relationship with someone.
      • However in eastern (collectivist) cultures, it is more it important that you family approves of the relationship
    • In collectivist cultures like India marriages are often arranged by parents as they beileve that thier children will be blinded by physical attractiveness and what they think is love.
      • However in eastern (collectivist) cultures, it is more it important that you family approves of the relationship
      • - the planned type - parents plan the enitre process,based on family and communial factors. The bride and groom may not even meet until the day of the wedding!
        • The chaperoned interaction- children, usually males tell their parents about there desires in a partner and parents try to find someone.
          • The joint-vemture - both parents amd children are involved, in selecting a partner, dating may well be involved.
      • Types of arranged marrages - Qureshi
    • Moore and Leung - tested influence of culture on views on relationships  - asked 212 anglo australian (AA)and 106 chinese australian (AC)their views on romance and differant types of romantic styles, they found 61% of AA were in relationships apposed to 31% of CA. Also CA were more lonely then AA and AA males were less romantic then females and CA males were just as romantic as the females.
    • A02
    • A01
    • Wiederman - asked US college students whether "If a boy/girl had all the quality's you desired would you marry him/her.only 12% of males and 9% of females would consider marrying someone they did not love
      • Sprecher asked the same question to America, Japanese and Russian student, surprisingly the Japanese were as romantic as the Americans and expressed reluctance to marry in the absence of love.However the Russians took a more practical approach to marriage and were more likely to settle for a loveless marriage, this especially the case women
    • A03
      • cultural bias in research - there is danger that in cross-cultural psychology, we only use the western psychology and see if it is replicated in other cultures. This takes in to no account what is important in that culture. Kim and verry (1993) address this issue with study factors that have developed within particular culture and are seen as important and functional to that culture (rather than risking a psychology of north american self-interest)
    • Indivdualism - these are cultures like the US and UK. These cultures pur great emphasis on the indivdual and their rights and goals. people in this culture usually strive for indepenence and are not strong influence by factors like family ties when it comes to marriage
      • Collectivism - these are cultures like china and india, places more focus on "we" rather than "i". Ties between families and community are considered more important then the individual.
    • Satisfaction in arranged and love marragies - myers et al - asked 45 individuals (22 couples and one widow) living in india in arragged marriages to complete a questionaire measuring marital satsfaction and characteristics they consisder important in their marriage. Their responses were compared wirh couples in the US, the most significant finding was that their were no difference in marital satsfaction between the two cultures. Differences in important factors like love as a precursor to marriage, US couple rated it as important while Indian couple less so.
    • The universality of romantic love - given our understanding of the nature of relationships in wesrten and non western cultures, we might expect that romantic love would be common only in westen cultures. however this appears not to be the case
      • Jankowiak and fischer (1992) searched for evidence of romantic love in a sample of 166 hunting and gathering socities and found clear evidence of passtionate and romantic love in all buut one of the soctites studied
        • they concluded that regardless of culture all human beings have a distint emotional motivational system that makes them crave a romantic love
    • indivdualist cultures are very mobile and can use things like internet dating sites and travel to meet a partner. where as Collectist cultures also are much less mobile and will have less choice in who they can pick for a partner.
  • Indivdualism - these are cultures like the US and UK. These cultures pur great emphasis on the indivdual and their rights and goals. people in this culture usually strive for indepenence and are not strong influence by factors like family ties when it comes to marriage
    • Collectivism - these are cultures like china and india, places more focus on "we" rather than "i". Ties between families and community are considered more important then the individual.

Comments

madeha

thanx :D it was really useful and helpful

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