The Golden Years- 1924 to 1929

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 01-10-14 18:35
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  • The Golden Years1924-29
    • Culture
      • Weimar Germany was burdened with heavy costs of welfare and loss of the war,
      • It started a new era of Jazz in Night Clubs
      • 'All quiet on the Western Front' stirred up a bitter campaign by nationalists
      • New modern buildings built in a large scale by the Bauhaus Movement
      • New objectivity movement- painting and drawing
      • A new variety of literature and music was released
      • There was a new group of feminist, however, many traditional Germans feared them,
      • There were new operas called 'News of the Day' that was offensive and considered treason by conservatives who are old fashioned and right winged,
    • Economics
      • Overproduction of food led to global decrease- influenced the agricultural depression
      • There were 5 million more in the workforce,
      • By 1929, 1 in 4 miners has lost their jobs
      • German industry was dependant on foreign loans, eg Dawes (1924) and Young Plan (1929)
      • There was a need to compensate million of people who had seen their savings destroyed
      • Two million people were unemployed in 1928,
      • Industry was increasing in 1922. This was later in Weimar Germany
      • German exports were now much higher
      • The Retenmark was introduced
      • German imports were increased for industrial goods,
    • Foreign Policy
      • 1928- Kellogg Briand-end to force
      • Stresemann made alliances with Western Powers
      • He ensured there would be no repetition of the Ruhr Occupation by France when he proposed a guarantee by the European Great Powers of the Franco-Belgian-German frontier,
      • The permanent demilitarisation of the Rhineland led to the Lacarno Pact of 1925, ensuring France would overcome her fears of a German Invasion
      • 1929 Treaty of Berlin
      • In 1926, Germany joined the Council of the League of Nations
      • In December a referendum was forced on the Government by right wing parties to decide if the Young Plan should be put into effect
        • The Government won with an overall majority and the Young Plan was implied,
      • Britain and France evacuated the Rhineland by 30th June 1930 due to the Young Plan
      • It reduced reperations from 132 billion to 37 billlion
      • January 1927, the Allied Belgium Disarmament Commission was withdrawn from Germany- 10,000 troops removed from the Rhineland
    • Political
      • There were many different parties- SPD, DDP, DVP< Centre DVP, DNVP etc
      • There were many unstable coalitions from 1919 to 1933, there had been 18 different coalitions,
      • New President called Hindenburg- Right Wing
      • Liberals lost many voters to 'Special interest parties' which campaign for specific issues at the time,
      • In the 1928 election, special interest parties campaigned on behalf of the people who had lost their money due to inflation and won 14% of the votes,
      • It seemed to Germans that the Weimar Government was incapable of making a strong Government
      • In 1930, many voters moved over to the Nazi Party and gained 12 seats

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