The Fall of Saigon

The Vietnam War

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  • Created by: Fiona S
  • Created on: 09-02-15 23:24
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  • The Fall of Saigon
    • March 1975
      • North Vietnamese government decided to invade South Vietnam.
        • They also attacked through Laos and Cambodia. This split the ARVN forces as well as dividing South Vietnam.
          • NVA found it difficult to advance as quickly as ARVN were retreating.
            • Thieu resigned
              • 30 April 1975 communists troops marched victoriously into Saigon as the last Americans were frantically helicoptered out.
                • North Vietnamese took their revenge.
                  • 60,000 supporters of Thieu's government were killed.
                    • In the next 15 years, 1.5 million 'boat people' tried to leave Vietnam on rafts or in small boats. Many drowned.
                      • A million South Vietnamese people went to live in America or France.
                        • Vietnam was ruined and for the next 20 years was one of the poorest countries in the world.
                  • 300,000 sent for 're-education'.
                    • In the next 15 years, 1.5 million 'boat people' tried to leave Vietnam on rafts or in small boats. Many drowned.
                      • A million South Vietnamese people went to live in America or France.
                        • Vietnam was ruined and for the next 20 years was one of the poorest countries in the world.
          • Major cities fell to the communists. Hue and Danang were taken with little resistance as South Vietnamese soldiers had deserted.
            • Refugees from the north began to flee south towards Saigon - where they thought it was safe.
              • Many citizens stayed to greet the conquerors. Others tried to escape - by road, moving further south, by air (if they were rich or lucky enough), or by sea.
                • The remaining US officials were helicoptered from the roof of the US Embassy to awaiting warships.
                  • 30 April 1975 communists troops marched victoriously into Saigon as the last Americans were frantically helicoptered out.
                    • North Vietnamese took their revenge.
                      • 60,000 supporters of Thieu's government were killed.
                        • 300,000 sent for 're-education'.
            • NVA found it difficult to advance as quickly as ARVN were retreating.
              • Thieu resigned
          • ARVN collapsed
            • Thieu's problem was economic.
              • Whilst stationed in South Vietnam, American forces had pumped $2 billion into the local economy.
                • When they had gone, the South Vietnamese economy collapsed.
                  • April 1974, Thieu asked for more economic aid - instead the US Congress reduced it.
                    • The South Vietnamese were on their own.
                      • ARVN collapsed

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