Vietnam

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 07-06-13 10:59
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  • Vietnam war 1964-1975
    • The US support before 1960
      • They feared the Domino theory
      • They sent $1.6 billion in aid
      • They sent military advisors
      • Diem refused to hold elections
      • Diem became unpopular
    • Guerilla tactics
      • Came out of hiding and attacked
      • Worked hard to win the support of Vietnamese citizens
      • Booby traps
      • Ambushes
      • Tunnel complexes
      • Supported by USSR and China
      • Hid in villages and jungles
      • Stole US weapons
    • US Tactics
      • Operation rolling thunder 1965
        • Ordered by Johnson
        • Extensive bombing
        • Aimed to destroy the Ho Chi Minh trail
        • Had little effect
      • Operation hearts and minds
        • The US spent money on roads schools and health clinics
        • It was successful in towns
        • It had little effect in rural areas
      • Search and destroy
        • Landed helicopters next to VC villages and attacked
        • It was difficult because
          • It was hard to distinguish VC from citizens
          • heat and mosquitos
        • made the  US unpopular as civilians died
      • Chemical Weapons
        • Agent Orange
          • destroyed forests and crops
          • Caused cancer and birth defects
        • Napalm
          • Burned skin to the bone
        • Both US and Vietnamese were effected
        • Inhumaine
      • My Lai massacre 1968
        • Ordered by Lieutenant William Calley
        • In a few hours 100's of unarmed civilians were killed
        • Turned opinions against the war
    • Demands for peace
      • Media coverage
        • First colour TV war
        • Radio TV and newspapers had an influence on peoples opinions of war
        • Martin Luther King opposed the war
        • people thought the war was costing too much
      • Protests
        • Kent State university
          • mass protests
          • Nationall guard shot killing 4 and injuring 9
        • Fulbright hearings
          • Chairman of the foreign affairs committee 1971
          • gave advise on how to end the war
        • burnt conscription cards
        • marches and demonstrations
        • disruption of war transport
        • conscription offices raided
    • Events
      • Tet offensive
        • 1968
        • The VC attacked 36 cities
        • They held the US embassy in Saigon
        • They were forced to retreat with heavy losses
      • Vietnamisation
        • Richard Nixon
        • 1969-1971
        • Withdrawal of US troops
      • Paris peace conference
        • 1973
        • US prisoners of war to be released
        • Elections to be held
        • North Vietnamese troops can stay in South Vietnam
      • The fall of Saigon
        • 1975
        • North Vietnamese attacked Saigon and major cities
        • US officials left
        • South Vietnam retreated

Comments

GD2016

Great!

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