The origins of Psychology

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  • Origins of Psychology
    • Wundt
      • influence of psych being seen as a separate science
      • experimental methods to study human behaviour
        • Introspection
          • Train ppl to observe own mental processes
          • Controlled environment
      • Co founded institute of experimental psychology (1879)
        • Established first psychology lab
          • University of Leipzig
          • First Psych test book - principles of physiological psych (1874)
    • Introspection
      • The process
        • 1. Show observes object + reflect on what they perceive
          • 2. When they are watching a stimulus
            • E.g. Ticking metronome
            • 3. This gains insight to the nature of mental processes
              • 4. Researches compare results to establish general theories
      • Wundt
        • influence of psych being seen as a separate science
        • experimental methods to study human behaviour
          • Introspection
            • Train ppl to observe own mental processes
            • Controlled environment
        • Co founded institute of experimental psychology (1879)
          • Established first psychology lab
            • University of Leipzig
            • First Psych test book - principles of physiological psych (1874)
      • Process of gaining knowledge about mental + emotional state
        • Observing ones inner world
      • Evaluation
        • Unreliability
          • Non observed responses = bias + subective
            • Results can not be replicated, difficult to establish general laws
        • Validity
          • Little knowledge of causes and processes underlying behaviour
            • Nisbett and Wilson (1977)
            • not accurate
    • Emergence as a science
      • 1. All behaviour is caused by something
        • 2. Behaviour is caused.
      • The scientific method
        • Methods used to investigate human behaviour
          • Objective
          • Systematic
          • Replicable
      • Evaluation
        • Relaiblity
          • Objective + Replicable = consistent + not bias
        • Ecological Validity
          • Conducted in a lab = reduced ecological validity
        • Not Emprirical
          • can all human behaviour be explained?

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