The Great Terror

  • Created by: lou9119
  • Created on: 10-06-17 10:15
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  • The Great Terror
    • June 10th to July 27th, revolutionaries saw conspiracy everywhere. Following Danton's fall no one dared challenge the CPS. The 11 surviving members carried on with centralizing control and repression.
    • The Law on General Police
      • Banned foreigners and nobles from living in ports and frontiers.
        • Also sent suspects the the Revolutionary Tribunal.
      • This allowed the CPS to set up police bureau to catch counter-revolutionaries and to recruit.
      • Run by Saint-Just and later Robes.
    • Revolutionary Tribunal
      • Also sent suspects the the Revolutionary Tribunal.
      • Given jurisdiction over all counter-revolutionary offences by the Law of 19 Floreal.
      • Most other courts were shut down.
    • The Law of Prairrial (June 10th 1794)
      • Drafted by Robes and Couthon
      • Widened the definition of political crimes.
      • Abolished defence councils and public cross-examinations of  defendants.
        • Defence witness did not have to be heard and the jurors could decide guilt without any evidence.
        • Made guilty verdicts more likely.
      • Made death or acquittal the only options.
        • Acquittal rate dropped to 20% while batch trials and groups of defendants with the same charge made cases faster.
      • Number of those guillotined rose sharply.
    • Robespierre's Fall and the Collapse of the Terror
      • Reasons for his Fall:
        • He had fallen ill and had withdrawn from the CPS and NC.
        • Had many arguments with his fellow extremists and moderates, in the CPS and CGS .
        • Long-standing arguments with the supporters of de-christinisation and the terrorists among the representatives on mission (Fouche)
        • Ridiculed for his role as  high priest of the Cult of the Supreme Being.
        • Lost SC support due to attacks on Herbertists and threatened wage reductions.
        • Wanted more terror where many thought it completed.
          • PARANOIA!
      • Ending in the bloodbath of the Thermidor in July 94.
        • Robes tried to address the NC but was shouted down.
          • His speech  the day before his arrest  stated there was "conspiracy against public liberty" in the deputies, the CGS and CPS.
            • He vowed to name them, this caused fear and accused him of dictatorship.
      • His fall led to the arrest of his close associates  (Couthon and Saint Just). They escaped to the Paris Commune to rally their supporters against the NC. They failed and were rearrested.
        • They were now viewed as armed rebels and were guillotined the same day.


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