The Great Gatsby Revision

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  • 'The Great Gatsby'
    • 1920s Social Context of the novel
      • The American Dream
        • Gatsby-hope for a better life- obtain Daisy and adopt the 1920s wealthy lifestyle
        • Myrtle- become a famous singer and part of the social rich through her sexual affairs with Tom.
        • The Green light- synbolises hope for America- Gatsby's atachement with this represents him as a figure who stands for America itself (Lionel Trilling)
          • Green light interpretation synbolises greed, jealousy, ambition
        • land of possibilities - anyone from anyone from anywhere can achieve it
      • Consumerism Society
        • Roaring Twenties- economic prosperity.      Old money vs new money. Old inherited money seen with social superiority
        • 'The Valley of Ashes' - bleak, dark location of the poor- looked down on in society. Wilson depicted as a frail, isolated character
          • Dr Tj Ecklebergs eyes- eyes of God- symbolic of observing morally corrupt society
        • Selfish Attitudes
          • Tom and Daisy- use their materialism to escape situations i.e both myrtle and Gatsby's death.
          • Daisy uses her relationship with Gatsby to access more material items- in love with the idea of him
          • Tom's selfish sexual desires. Greed- encounters with more then one woman.
      • Prohibition
        • Banned the manufacture and distribution of alcohol to raise moral standards yet had the oppsite effect
        • Bootlegging- those who illegally supplied alcohol-  Major source of Gatsbys wealth
      • Jazz Age
      • Social Class
    • Love
      • Unrequited love
        • Gatsby>Daisy
        • Myrtle>Tom
        • Wilson>Myrtle?
      • Selfish Love
        • Tom>Daisy
        • Gatsby>Daisy
        • Daisy>Gatsby
      • Females in love
      • Males in love
      • Idealised love
      • Love and pain/sadness
      • Betrayal in love
    • Relationships in the novel
      • Tom and Daisy
      • Gatsby and Daisy
      • Tom and Myrtle
      • Significance of Wilson in the novel
    • Fitzgerald's individual experiences
      • Past lovers
    • Narration of the novel
      • Nick Carraway
      • Jordan as a 2nd narrator
    • Structue of events
      • Chapter 5 - Daisy and Gatsby reunite
      • End of novella - Gatsby death
      • Myrtles death
      • Chapter 3 - Gatsby's party
      • Chapter 1- Insight into Toms sexual affairs; "Tom had some other woman in New York"
        • Chapter 2- Wilson and myrtle relationship- Myrtle dismissive of Wilson when Tom around
    • Romantic aspects of the novel
      • Influence of Keats
      • Nicks description of Gatsby
      • Gatsby's description around Daisy
    • Critic views and approaches to the novel
      • Marxist reading - analyse class structures
        • Gatsby's tragic outcome is inevitable. Individual who puts energy into a personal fantasy rather than engaging with social structures
        • Gatsby denies working class roots and using criminal means to enter ruling class (Bootlegger, Wolfsheim business)
        • George and Myrtle Wilson in valley of ashes- how workers were oppressed in 1920s
        • Dedication to copmmodites in such a society results in dysfunctional interpersonal relationships- who does daisy love?
        • Indsutrialisation aftter war widened ec onomic gap between rich and poor and a feeling of alineation. - lack of personal fulfilment in the novel
      • psychoanalytical critcism
        • Characters have a fear of intimacy - Daisys marriage to tom is a psychological defence- not dependant on Gatsby
        • Gatsby's obsession with Daisy became a means to bring into existence the person he longed to be
        • Gatsby wants to become 'The Great Gatsby' - Daisy is just a prop used for his desires. Pursuit of wealth not her.
      • New historicist reading
        • Novel embedded within the social and economic realities in 1920s.
        • Tom and Daisy's relationship moulded by classes of society
      • Feminist reading
        • Tom Buchanan's dominance
          • "Shes not leaving me!"  "once in a while I go off on a spree but I always come back" - "spree" - women seen as commodities.
          • Interactions with Myrtle. Reasserts authority when he breaks her nose to silence her.
        • Gatsby's pursuit and idealised version of Daisy does not help her achieve liberation
        • Gatsby's assertiveness
          • "She never loved you" "I was poor and she was tired of waiting for me"- Gatsby certainty and finality in tone-speaks for Daisy-  perfectionism to repeat the past- contributers to his tragic fate.
      • Lois Tyson "drama of dysfunctional love"
      • Thomas Flanagan 2000 "Gatsby lives in the world of romantic enerfgies and colours"
      • Lionel Trilling "Gatsby comes inevitably to stand for America itself"
      • Paul Scanlon- "Gatsby like a chivalic knight- represents conventions of courtly love for Daisy"
      • Edwin Clark "Fitzgerald discloses in these people a means of spirit, carelessness , absence of loyalties"
    • Tragedy Genre
      • Is Gatsby a traigc hero or merely a deluded egotist who throws his life away focusing on one unattainable dream?
    • Key Quotes around Gatsby
    • Key Quotes around Daisy
      • Key Quotes around Tom
    • Key Quotes around Myrtle
      • Key Quotes around Wilson

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