The Deliverer

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  • The Deliverer
    • title
      • there is much ambiguity surrounding the title of the deliverer
        • it could be the mother, the adoption agency etc.
          • this ambiguity mirrors the child's ambiguity surrounding their identity
      • the use of the pronoun 'the' makes the title seem very impersonal reflecting the relationship the mother has with her child
    • stanza 1
      • the stanza takes an informal tone which contradicts with the serious subject matter
        • the use of phrases such as 'the sister' or 'collect children' suggest informality making the nature of 'the sister' work seem habituale
          • this emphasises the amount of children that may be disregarded
      • the poet uses the list of 'crippled or dark or girl' to show the prejucied nature of the society the child from
        • the repetition of 'or' shows the multitude of things you can't be in their culture
    • Stanza 2
      • the past tense is used 'found' and 'covered' suggesting it has happened before this girl
      • the vivid language used such as 'abandoned' and 'naked' make the poem more raw and access the emotions of the reader so their despair matches the children's
      • the children are dehumanised as are 'stuffed in bags' or 'covered in garbage'
        • this suggests that anyone who is 'crippled or dark or girls' is comparable to rubbish
        • no pronoun is put before the verbs making the appear even more inhuman
    • Stanza 3
      • they are called 'one' and of 'them'
        • this disassociates from the children making them appear even more inhuman and showing there are multitudes and it is a common thing
      • their only purpose is something for a dog to chew
        • their head was 'barely poking above the ground' which an extended metaphor for how hard it was for them to cling onto life
      • the repetition of the 'd' sound in 'dug up by a dog' and the use of the caesura emphasises the brutality of these children's disposal
    • Stanza 4
      • pronouns are now used before nouns 'the' and 'they'
        • reflects how the American parents are eager to connect with children - juxtaposes brutality and disassociation of previous Stanza
      • they are called 'American' suggesting they are almost of a different species
        • imperitive used to show that the believe strongly they know what is 'right'
    • Stanza 5
      • use conditional tense to show the 'Americans' are looking forward to the future with this child
      • the juxtapose the 'plucking hair off hands' - which suggests beauty standards with 'her mother tried to bury her
        • it is introduced as though a normal thing showing how common place is in their culture
      • use the sense of haven't 'seen' or 'touched' to reflect their anticipation
        • these are more gentle verbs than used in previous stanza's to show difference between two cultures
    • Stanza 6
      • shifting viewpoints shows the confusion of the child surrounding her indentity
      • the use of pronoun 'we' suggests the first form of union
        • this juxtaposes with the 'empty arms'
    • Stanza 7
      • the idea of her on 'video tapes' shows she is in a developed country and that her life is very different to how it would have been
      • the phrase 'she is passed from woman to woman' shows her lack of being able to find a mother figure due to having lost hers
        • the poet uses sibilance to reinforce the idea she is undesirable and no one wants her
    • Stanza 8
      • we go back in time and follow this girls search for indentity
        • her place of birth is 'outside village boundaries where mothers go to squeeze out life'
          • it suggests that giving birth was impure thing as not allowed to be done in village boundaries
            • the word 'squeeze' suggest it is forced and it is more their duty than pleasure
    • Stanza 9
      • the use of the verb 'slither' suggests something evil or disgusting about giving birth
      • the idea of the baby being an object as the feel for a penis
        • that is the only form of glory for a child
        • the child is 'tossed' to a 'heap' which dehumanises them and suggests the amount of children that are gotten rid of
      • the phrase 'trudge home to lie down for their men again'
        • the word trudge has low modality and shows their unwillingness to go home
          • the word 'again' shows the continuous cycle of events
            • the phrase 'lie down' suggests no passion and it is merely their duty to give birth to a boy
    • structure
      • the use of the two locations a Convent and airports represent two ways of thinking
        • a convent suggests tradition whereas an airport is modern and progressive
          • this shows the ideologies of the two nations surrounding children and how they conflict
      • the use of end stoped lines at irregular intervals reflect the continuous cycle of lost children and how hard it is to stop
      • the use of commas in the final two stanza's quickens the reading pace making more urgency surround the situation
        • the use of short lines reflect the short lives the girls live due to preferences for males in the society

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