The Cosmological Argument


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  • Created by: Sannah247
  • Created on: 29-02-16 11:23
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  • The Cosmological Argument
    • The Kalam Argument
      • 1) Universe came into being so it must have a cause
        • 3) Non- physical cause
        • 2) The universe exists without being caused by something else
        • 4) God= cause
    • Richard Swinburne
      • 1) Extraordinary that things even exist
        • 3) Something= so many thing
        • 2) Natural state of affairs is nothing
        • 4) If explained by one simple thing that is the best idea
    • Gottfried Leibniz
      • 2) Infinite regress cannot be the only explanation
      • 1) Must need a 'sufficient reason' for its existence
      • 3) No evidence inside the universe for its existence and so the explanation is outside it
    • Frederick Copleston
      • 2) That cause must not be dependent on anything else
        • 4) God is the explanation
      • 1) Everything is caused by an external cause
      • 3) Necessary being
    • William Craig
      • 2) Time cannot be infinite
        • 5) God is the cause
        • 4) The universe must have had a cause to exist
      • 1) The present moment exists
      • 3) Universe must have had a start
    • Thomas Aquinas
      • First Way- Motion
        • 2) No infinite chain of movers
          • 4) We call God
        • 1) Nothing can move itself- must be moved by something
        • 3) Must be a first mover
      • Second Way- Cause
        • 2) Nothing is its own cause
          • 4) God must be the first cause
        • 1) All things are caused
        • 3) Must be a first cause which all things depend on
      • Third Way- Necessity and Contingency
        • 2) Those factors are dependent on other factors
          • 4) God is necessary but not contingent
        • 1) Objects are dependent on factors beyond themselves
        • 3) Must be a necessary being that is dependent on nothing
    • David Hume
      • 2) No need for an explanation for the whole universe
        • 5) Why God?
          • 7) No evidence to show God exists.
        • 4) Not necessary for a first being
        • 6) No need to draw  conclusions
      • 1) No need to presume for a cause
      • 3) Better to explain parts of the universe
    • Bertrand Russell
      • 1) No need to seek a cause
        • 2) The universe needs no explanation
    • Anthony Kenny
      • 1) Animals and humans move
        • Movement can be explained by the previous motion
    • Richard Dawkins
      • 2) If science cannot prove anything= must do better sciece
      • 1) "intellectual non explanation"
      • 3) Must not seek answers in guesswork, mythology and speculation

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