The British Empire

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • The British Empire
    • The Rise of the Empire
      • Countries
        • Africa
          • slaves
          • sugar, tobacco, cotton
          • gold and diamonds
        • India
          • cotton, silk, spices and gems
          • Natural resources
          • East India Trading company-1600
            • The famine of Bengal
              • negative impact
                • 1/3 people died
                • survivors migrated to the jungle
                • drought in countryside
                • people starving
                • taxes were raised
            • East India Ships at deptford
              • created to increase trade
              • needed for long trips to india
              • fit for war
              • positive impact
          • Indian Independence
            • 1877- Queen Victoria made empress of india
              • Ghandi helped gain independence
                • fasted in prison
                • The Salt March
                • non-violent protests
                • 18 July 1947
          • Indian Rebellion
            • religious/ social causes
              • English language took over from Persian language
                • official letters in english
                • schools teaching english
                  • forcing their culture onto them
                    • official letters in english
              • British saw Indians as 2nd class
                • social divisions- no equality
                  • not fair
            • anglicise the Indians
            • 1857
        • North America
          • lots of land
          • Natural resources
          • Furs and timber
        • Australia
          • convicts
          • gold
          • land
    • Scramble for Africa
      • Medicine
        • quinine
          • made in 1817
            • 2 French scientists
              • Pierre Joseph Beletierre
              • Joseph Cavantou
      • Politics
        • 1884-Berlin conference
          • helped Europe divide Africa
            • European countries-unified, working together to colonise Africa
      • Ships
        • 1840-Ship called nemesis
          • heavily armed
          • Cpmpetition
            • which country could make the most powerful ship?
              • easier and frequent trips to Africa
      • Guns
        • 1862- Gatlin gun
          • early type of machine guns.
            • kill opposing Africans
    • Slavery
      • Slave Trade
        • sea voyage
          • 1-6 months
            • treated like animals
              • were fed so they wouldn't die
                • suicide
      • should it be abolished?
        • yes
          • separations in society-discrimination
            • formation of rebels
              • general disorder
                • slaves escape-havoc
                  • wastes the tie of guards and soldiers
                    • should be protecting the country
    • Australia
      • Aboriginal People
        • negative impact
          • Britain dumps convicts there
      • Aboriginal culture
        • Telling stories
          • a kind of property
            • designed to teach lessons on morality and ethics
            • those who own the story can tell it
          • The creation story: water in Australia
            • Guthi-Guthi
              • spirit of ancestral being
            • Weowie
              • water serpant
        • songs and dances
        • beliefs
          • dreamtime
            • the world was formed
    • Contribution
      • India
        • £300m-cash and materials
        • lots of food
        • 1.4m soldiers
      • The Carribean
        • filled jobs in Britain
        • carried ammunition
        • 16,000 men volunteered
      • Canada
        • protected vital supplies
        • 1m men in ww2
        • built lots of tanks, ships and aircraft
        • almost 1/2 million men ww1
      • Africa
        • countries-military bases
        • raw materials-steel, rubber
        • support troops- hospitals, airfields, naval bases
      • Australia and New Zealand
        • 43,000 soldiers ww1
        • 1m ww2
        • fought in tough battles

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all history resources »