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What was the most important factor that led to the weakening of the
British Empire in the interwar years?
Key Work: British Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of
Nations is a voluntary association of 54 independent sovereign states. Most are
former British colonies, or dependencies of these colonies. No one government
in the Commonwealth exercises power over the others, as in a political union.
Rather, the relationship is one of an international organisation through which
countries with diverse social, political, and economic backgrounds are regarded
as equal in status, and cooperate within a framework of common values and
P One factor that led to the weakening of the British Empire in the interwar years
was the difficulties in keeping control.
E Although the exact origins of the conflict are in dispute, the war officially began
in October 1952 when an emergency was declared and British troops were sent
to Kenya. The British response to the uprising entailed massive roundups of
suspected Mau Mau and supporters, with large numbers of people hanged and
up to 150,000 Kikuyu held in detention camps.
E This was an important factor in the reasoning of the British Empire weakening
as violence broke out within their empire, making it hard to get support to fight
the war. Other reasons that this led to the empire weakening was that it's
motives where spread out, and it made it more complicated to keep everything
organised therefor the British Empire weakened in the progression of the war
and it's countries.
P One factor that led to weakening of the British Empire in the interwar years
was the dominions wanting to redefine their relationship with Britain in order to
become more independent
E An Imperial conference was called in 1926 to discuss the relationship
between the Dominions and the British Government. At the conference the
Balfour Declaration was agreed which said that all dominions would be
recognised as independent states that can govern themselves without any
control from Britain and joined together to form the British Commonwealth of
Nations and members to share loyalty towards the British Empire. In 1931 the
British passed a law called the Statute of Westminster, which made the Balfour
Declaration official and stated that any laws passed by Britain do not have to be
followed by the dominions unless they actually agree that they wish to do so. This
gave the dominions the right to change their own constitutions without consulting
Britain. They were voluntary members of a commonwealth of states but
independent nations in their own right.'
E The Balfour Declaration caused the empire to weaken as countries began
independent rule and Britain lost power and numbers in its army, it also created
an influence for other countries under the British Empire to want independence
and them to go against the British while they were in vulnerable state in being
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P On factor that led to the weakening of the British Empire in the interwar years
was the growth of nationalism across the Empire
E As a result of the First World War many of the colonies became aware of
western ideas and were influenced to want the same freedoms as others. The
war also led to a desire to protect their religious, ethnic and cultural identity.…read more