The Brezhnev Doctrine and Soviet control in Czechoslovakia

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  • The Brezhnev Doctrine and Soviet control in Czechoslovakia
    • Brezhnev's response to Dubcek's reforms
      • Brezhnev couldn't allow the reforms, any weaknesses in control could mean break up of Warsaw Pact, not Dubcek's intention
      • Failed to convince Dubcek to stop the reforms
      • Aug 1968 - USSR sent tanks to Prague and Dubcek was arrested
      • Czechoslovakia returned to being under strict Soviet control under Gustav Husak, known as 'normalisation'
    • Consequences of Brezhnev Doctrine
      • From now on, USSR declared the right to invade any Eastern Bloc country that was the threatening the security of the Eastern Bloc as a whole
      • USA condemned invasion but did nothing to stop it: feared war
      • Western European communist parties were horrified and declared themselves independent from the Communist Party
      • Yugoslavia and Romania also backed off from the Soviet Union, weakening the Soviet grip on Eastern Europe
    • Importance of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia
      • Brezhnev Doctrine meant the Soviet Union reserved the right to invade any country that threatened the security of the Eastern Bloc
        • Therefore, other Eastern European states, such as Poland or Hungary, were required to ridgidly stick to Soviet-style communism or risk invasion themselves

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