5 Ds

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  • Created by: Eloise
  • Created on: 17-11-15 11:41
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  • The 5 D's of Disordered
    • 1) Deviance: Different to the norm/ odd not criminal
      • Violation of the social consensus of proper mental functioning
      • We expect people to do some things and not do others.
      • Different from criminal behaviour
      • It's a spectrum of conditions. some deviance is acceptable (high end), other end is not (lower end) of functioning.
      • High end: Intelligence, Selflessness Low end: Aggression, Greed Arrogance
      • How do we differentiate between deviant and eccentric?
    • 2) Distress/ Disproportionate
      • If deviance is socially defined, Distress is personal
      • Emotional reaction to expression of behaviour or symptoms of the illness.
      • Person's response to their symptoms are not always distressing but are sometimes Disproptionate
      • E.g. Manic stage in bipolar disorder; honour in being chosen by 'voices' in SZ.
      • Different people distress differently but can be culturally accepted. e.g. Toddleresque
      • Must be disproportionate- little is fine. Too much is not.
    • 3) Dysfunctional:are they looking after themselves e.g. clean etc.
      • If deviance considers dysfunctional mind then dysfunctionalconsiders their ability o care for themselves
      • Unable to do: 1. Symptoms interfere with daily functioning  2. Can't care for themselves properly       3. Participate in ordinary social relationships/gatherings    4. Work effectively or optimally (most of potential
      • More intelligent you are, more you mask disorder
    • 4) Danger (to others, themselves e.g. self harm, suicidal, not eating...
    • 5) Duration: (3-6 months)
      • If less than 3 months it's just behaviour. If longer than 3 months it can turn into a diagnosis.
      • All disorders denote that symptoms must be present of specific length of time.
      • Forgiving and allowance. Behavioural expression/ response to variety of stimuli can be odd. Experience, tolerance, perception and disposition all attenuate a response.
      • Forgive a person for acting 'odd' for short period of time but don't if it's long lasting
      • 6 months to be SZ


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