Textiles and the environment

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  • Textiles and the environment
    • Impact
      • Energy and resources are used
      • Waste is produced
      • Large impact on carbon footprint
    • Manufactoring
      • Dying and finishing processes use a lot of chemicals
        • Chemical dyes
        • Resins to  make the fabric shrink  proof
        • Softeners to improve the feel of the fabric
      • In addition to producing chemical waste, they also...
        • Require energy to drive the machinery
        • Use and contaminate large volumes of water
      • possible solutions for reducing these problems include...
        • Using cold water dyes that require less energy
        • Using renewable sources of energy
        • using natural dyes from plants and insects
    • Aftercare and laundry
      • energy used in these processes can be reduced by...
        • Creating fabrics that are durable and easy to care for
        • Provide information to the customer to enable they care for the product effectively
        • producing fabrics that can be washed at low temperatures
    • Disposal
      • Reuse products, for example, sell it on or give it away
      • Recycle the product, for example use it to make something else
    • Recycling
      • To recycle a produce it means to re use it, it may need some processing or treatment before it can be reused, the tree main types of recycling are...
        • Primary recycling - the product can be re used in its current state, e,g. charity shops
        • Secondary recycling- the product is torn shredded, melted or ground before being reused, e.g. woollen garments being used as stuffing
        • chemical recycling- Chemicals can be broken down and reformulated, e.g.Plastic bottles can be broken down into fibres and then spun into polyester to make fleece and duvets
  • Using renewable sources of energy


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