Textiles and the Environment

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  • The Environment
    • Designing Stages
      • fabric
        • durability to avoid refusing
        • use natural fibres and dyes that are sustainable - you can damage or even wipe out a population by taking too many resources that would otherwise be used by the animals
      • are components electroplated?
        • can you use recycled?
    • Manufacture
      • harmful chemicals used?
        • resins used?
          • softeners added to the fabric?
            • can natural fabrics be used eg lyocell which has the properties already?
      • too much energy used
        • use cold water dyes
        • use a renewable energy source
      • use computerised pattern lays to minimise      wasted fabric
      • include instructions on how to dispose
        • reuse: sell on through charity shops
        • RECYLCE
          • (products are marked with a mobius loop)
          • 3 Types of recyling
            • Primary Recycling - product can be REUSED in its current state (charity shops or clothing banks)
            • Physical or     Secondary     Recycling - the product is torn/ shredded/ melted/ ground and then reused
            • Chemical or Teritary Recycling - products are broken down and reformulated eg plastic bottles are broken down and spun into polyester fleeces
          • Reasons:
            • saves energy
            • saves raw matericals
            • reduces the need to manufacture new products
              • could reduce employment in areas near factories
    • Ethics
      • Customer
        • labels identify  products that are produced ethically
      • designer
        • where the fabric comes from
      • Ethic Labels
        • FSC - wood products
        • European Eco Label - products and services that  minimise their environmental impact
        • Confidence in Textiles/ The Oeko-Tex Label - fabrics that are 100% free of harmful subtances
        • Fair Trade Mark - garentees a fair and stable salary for workers involved
        • Morbius Loop - indicated how much (%) of the product is made by recycled materials


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