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  • Sustainability
    • Characteristics
      • conserving the historic and natural environment
      • disposal of waste
      • open spaces
      • local people are involved in planning decisions
      • efficient public transport
    • 1) Conserving the historic and natural environment
      • historic environment can be conserved by keeping the outside of old historic buildings the same and renovating the insides
      • the natural environment can be conserved by reducing/stopping development on edge of built up areas
    • A SUSTAINABLE CITY: an urban area where residents have a way of life that will last a long time.
    • Advantages of brownfield sites
      • reduces commuting and traffic congestion
      • prevents urban sprawl
      • unsightly sights get cleaned up
      • countryside isn't built on
      • reduces waste/derelict land in cities
    • 2) Disposal of waste
      • to reduce waste, the government needs to reduce packaging in general
      • Incineration
        • only accounts for 99% of household waste disposal
        • bad for the environment
        • creates pollution
        • you don't need masses of big sites
        • a good use for disused quarries
      • Landfill
        • you need huge sites that take up space
        • doesn't pollute
        • not necessarily bad for the environment
        • land can be re-used
    • 3) Open spaces
      • In London the distribution of open spaces is very well distributed
      • The two main parks are Regent's park and Hyde park
      • all of the parks are within walking distance of each other
    • 4) Local people are involved in planning decisions
    • 5) Efficient public transport
      • see case study of Curitiba


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