A2 History - Sucesses and failures of the New Deal

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  • Successes and Failures of the New Deal
    • Welfare
      • Pensions
        • Could claim $10 to $85
          • "The cornerstone of my administration"
        • Not all people could claim
          • Domestic servants couldn't claim
            • Got out what you put in
      • Wagner Act
        • Trade union membership
          • Trebbled
          • More strikes for Roosevelt
      • No child labour
      • Minimum wage introduced
      • NRA rules
        • 556
        • Impossible to keep to
      • Nothing went far enough
        • "incomplete"
        • Nothing like British welfare system
      • 1st attempt at a welfare state
        • Huge break from US traditions
      • ADC
      • Unemployment benefit
        • Only for 16 weeks
    • Agriculture
      • 75% of farms electrified from 2%
      • Farm prices stabilised
        • After 60% drop during the Depression
      • Didn't really help small farmers or sharecroppers
      • Wasteful
        • 6 million piglets killed under AAA
      • FCA prevented foreclosures
      • To end overproduction
      • Commercial farmers did very well
    • Emergency relief
      • FERA
        • Soup kitchens
        • Clothing banks
        • Shameful
          • Few women collected ADC
      • Stopped deaths from hunger
    • Army
      • Plutonium discovered
      • Army cut by 25%
      • Discipline through the CCC
    • Infrastructure
      • WPA
        • 13,000 schools
          • Still in tact today
        • 20 dams under TVA
        • 50 airports
          • Including La Guardia airport
        • Electrification of railways
        • 50,000 miles of road
      • Jobs in the construction industry
      • CCC planted 1.3 billion trees
    • Morale
      • Boondoggles from the PWA
        • History of the safety pin
        • Dorothea Lange
        • $4.6 million spent helping unemployed artists
      • Hope restored in Roosevelt
      • Have a job - feels like you're contributing to the economy
      • Inspired a demoralised people
    • Wasteful
      • WPA
    • Some general points
      • 100,000 improved their literacy rates under the CCC
      • To socialist
        • Federal government rules under the TVA
        • 556 rules of the NRA
        • Provoked future oppostion
    • Unemployment
      • Still 9 million unemployed
      • Reduced significantly
      • From 12-13 million in 1933
        • American Labour Association estimated 17 million
      • WPA theatre project employed 11,000 performers
        • WPA employs 8 million overall
      • CCC cycle
      • Only solved in 1943 with WWII
      • WPA became known as "We Piddle Around"
      • Eviciton of sharecroppers by rich landowners
      • Young men (age 18-25) int he CCC
        • CCC extended for another 7 years in 1935 as it was so successful
    • Banking system
      • Moley "Saved capitalism in 8 days"
      • Confidence restored
      • $1 billion returned in bank deposits by April 1933
      • 40 were closing per day pre-FDR, and 0 closed each day in 1936
        • 1st time in 60 years
      • Now paid 50-60% on the margin
    • Redistribution of income
      • Promise to "Help the forgotten man at the bottom of the economic pyramid"
      • Got slightly bettern
        • People had a bit more money now
      • Not solved
        • The poor remained poor
          • FERA paid only $25 a month to families that needed $100
            • The fact that they got the $25 was still good though
    • Women
      • Few claimed ADC
      • Few women in CCC
        • 8000 women and 3 million men
      • Learn to type oppertunities under FERA
    • Housing
      • 180,000 built
        • This was not enough
      • HOLC helped people afford their morgages
      • Still, less than 25% of urban families were in a position to afford mortgages

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