G672 - Youth Subcultures

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  • Subcultures - 17 marks
    • emergence of youth culture/subcultures - 2 reasons
      • Abrams
        • 'affluence without responsbility' -youths had money for the first time - disposable income - e.g mods
        • REASON - disposable income
      • Fyvel
        • absence of father in ww2 - not been disciplined e.g teddy boys
        • REASON - no father figure
    • Two examples of youth subcultures
      • mods
        • Hebdige - go to night dances & take drugs
        • Cohen - w/c subcultures copied m/c style - wore suits
      • skinheads
        • cohen - characuture of a model worker
        • clark - identified terriotioriality as a key characteristic of skinheads
    • Two features of youth subcultures
      • Different norms and values
        • Rastafarians
      • Style
        • Reddington
    • Two Characteristics of spectacular subcultures
      • hippies rejected consumer culture and wanted to protect the environment, condemn war and nuclear weapons
        • Hall - opposed to capitalism, took drugs, wore bright colours
        • brake - m/c rejected parents m/c values, chilled out, took drugs
      • Goths- style based around mainly black clothing
        • Hodkinson - gothic subculture was a big part in a persons identity - continued into middle age
    • Two features of girls subcultures
      • More Privatised
        • McRobbie & Garber, Lincoln - Bedroom Culture
      • Resisting Patriarchy
        • Blackman - New wave girls & Reddington
    • Two ways in which youth is socially constructed
      • Media
        • Sewell - Role Models
      • Changes over time
        • Fyvel/ Abrams
    • Two ways in which the media influence social construction of youth
      • Hyper-masculinity
        • Sewelll
      • Subcultural Capital
        • Thornton
    • Two features of functionalist views of subcultures
      • Transition from childhood to adulthood
        • Parsons - rite of passage
      • abscribed to achieved status
        • Eisenstadt
    • Two features of hybrid subcultures
      • mixed
        • blaison & braison - Back
      • fluid styles
        • polhemus
    • Two features of youth subcultures in postmodern society
      • Choice and variety
        • supermarket of styl;e
      • Fluid
        • Neo tribes - maffesoli
    • Two ways that youth subcultures may operate a resistance
      • gender/sexism resistance
        • bllackman - new wave girls
      • class/marxism resistance
        • clakre - exaggeration skinheads  Hebdige - mods - exaggeration

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