Sociology AS Topics in Socialisation

Sociologists and Theories

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  • Created on: 18-05-11 18:38

Functionalist views of Youth Subcultures

youth fulfills positive function

Parsons 

Eisenstadt 

Abrams 

 

b c+a< P E A >i s p + t g m

                                v

     i + o f t 

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Functionalist views of Youth Subcultures

Parsons - youth culture provides a bridge between childhood + adulthood

Eisenstadt - youth culture gives youths a chance at independence + is outlet for                       tensions

Abrams - youth culture developed because of increased spending power +                           economy targets youth market

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Marxist views of Youth Subcultures

Hall + Jefferson 

Hebdige 

Clarke 

Brake 

Incorporation      s   w/c

^

m s   o e f< B I C H H > c o c   h u + l w

                             v v

d   m+l d         b

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Marxist views of Youth Subcultures

Hall + Jefferson - youth cultures react against crisis of capitalism such as high       unemployment, low wages

Hebdige - punks resist through bricolage

Clarke - skinheads exaggerate w/c

Brake - magical solutions - youth culture allows an opportunity to express                        freedom

Incorporation - youth culture decline. Subcultures become part of mainstream +                             lose distinctiveness

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Feminist views of Youth Subcultures

Blackman 

McRobbie + Garber 

McRobbie 

Jackson

    b z, l j

   ^

n w g - p+m c < B J M M > t-b - 4c: r f p p

v

                                          l - r n+v

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Feminist views of Youth Subcultures

Blackman new wave girls. formed as a response to patriarchy + resist male     control

McRobbie + Garber - teeny-bopper. 4 codesromance, fashion, personal life, pop

McRobbie - bedroom zones. representations from life journey from childhood to adulthood

Jackson - ladettesresist norms + values of stereotypical girls

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Post-Modernist views of Youth Subcultures

Subcultures are more fluid + not based on traditional factors

Bennett + Redhead 

Maffesoli 

Polemus 

c -f  c/g< B M P > s  p+m

v

n t - i+o s

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Post-Modernist views of Youth Subcultures

Bennett + Redhead - clubbers more about having fun than class/gender

Maffesoli - neo tribes - people drop in+out of scenes

Polemus - supermarket of style. pick n mix


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