Strikes & Labour Violence

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  • Created by: Lily
  • Created on: 07-05-13 21:30
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  • Strikes & Labour Violence
    • Plight of the workers
      • A series of photographs taken by Jacob Riis (muckraker) showing their hard lives
      • Industrialisation was bound to rouse opposition from the workers aswell as the farmers
    • The Socialist Party
      • Formed in 1877
      • Riven by dissen, some broke away to form the Social Democrat Party
      • TRied to help the workersbut trade unions did more
      • Never did aswell as in Europe (1912 Eugene Debs 6%)
    • Importance of Unions
      • Knights of Labor Union
        • The 8 Hour Day
        • Poor organisation & negotiations
        • Dominant untill 1886 Haymarket bombing
      • American Federation of Labour
        • Samuel Gompers 1886
        • Willing to use strikes/boycotts for collective bargaining
        • Gompers - accused of gaining benefits for skilled workers at expense of unskilled, against political action
      • Industrial Workers of the World
        • 1905
        • Radical and openly socialist
    • Strikes
      • Caused public hysteria
      • Blamed on immigrants
      • 1903 - Immigration Act prohibits the immigration of "anarchists"
      • "yellow dog" contracts - signed by employees to ensure they do not strike/join a union
      • Law supported the employers
        • Supreme Court legalised injunctions against unions
    • Haymarker Massacre 1886
      • Chicago Police attempted to break up a peacefull dmeonstration by factory workers
      • A bomb was thrown and 8 policemen died and many civillians
        • Untitled
      • 8 strikers were condemed to death (4 died and 1 comitted suicide in prision)
      • Strikes
        • Caused public hysteria
        • Blamed on immigrants
        • 1903 - Immigration Act prohibits the immigration of "anarchists"
        • "yellow dog" contracts - signed by employees to ensure they do not strike/join a union
        • Law supported the employers
          • Supreme Court legalised injunctions against unions

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