Basic Overview of Aspects of Stalinism

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  • Stalinism
    • Economic Policies
      • Industrialisation (5 Year Plans)
        • Focus on heavy industry - strengthen the USSR on the eve of war and aid development
        • Method of outmanoeuvring political opposition of Bukharin and the right who supported NEP
      • Collectivisation
        • Needed alongside industrialisation to create a food supply for workers
          • Industrialisation (5 Year Plans)
            • Focus on heavy industry - strengthen the USSR on the eve of war and aid development
            • Method of outmanoeuvring political opposition of Bukharin and the right who supported NEP
        • Eliminate the class enemy Kulaks
    • Control
      • Terror
        • Hindered industrialisation as led factories out-competing each other to meet quotas which led to reduced quality of produced goods and skilled workers were also lost
          • Used to make Stalin look ininvolved with the Terror
          • Removed any form of opposition
            • Army purged due to suspected military uprising against Stalin
            • Political opponents were made an example of in show trials and sparked the fear of a fifth column amongst ordinary Soviet people
        • Propaganda
          • Used to make Stalin look ininvolved with the Terror
          • To promote Stalin as a person and his policies
      • Personal Dictatorship
        • Against Communist ideology in which everyone is of equal status
        • Gave Stalin full control of the USSR
          • Control
            • Terror
              • Hindered industrialisation as led factories out-competing each other to meet quotas which led to reduced quality of produced goods and skilled workers were also lost
                • Removed any form of opposition
                  • Army purged due to suspected military uprising against Stalin
                  • Political opponents were made an example of in show trials and sparked the fear of a fifth column amongst ordinary Soviet people
              • Propaganda
                • To promote Stalin as a person and his policies
          • Any opposition from within the Part could easily be accused of factionalism
          • Social Structure
            • Class were created and attempted to be removed as part of  the economic policies
              • Eliminate the class enemy Kulaks
            • Based on class system
              • Members of each social classreceived different treatment
                • Peasants had passports which restricted movement from rural areas to urban areas
              • Against Communist ideology in which everyone is of equal status
        • Based on class system
          • Members of each social classreceived different treatment
            • Peasants had passports which restricted movement from rural areas to urban areas
        • Any opposition from within the Part could easily be accused of factionalism

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