How society changed under Lenin an Stalin

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  • Created by: apple87
  • Created on: 12-05-15 14:10
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  • How society changed.
    • Women
      • Lenin's Russia 1917-24
        • Women allowed to work
        • Abortion made legal
        • Crèches were planned.
        • Divorce made easier
          • To free women.
      • Cultural revolution 1928-31
        • Had highest divorce rate.
        • 1.5 million abortions.
        • Women became more exploited..
          • Men deserted women wen became pregnant.
          • Had to work at home and in factories.
      • The great retreat 1932-39
        • Abortion illegal
        • Divorce more expensive,
        • Child benefit payments
          • Women still occupied traditional roles.
    • Children
      • Lenin's Russia
        • Youth groups to create good socialists.
        • Pioneers for under 14.
        • Komsomol was much more serious.
          • Created dedicated socialists.
        • Formal teaching and discipline was seen as bourgeois and removed from schools.
      • The great retreat.
        • Education made more rigorous and strict.
        • Uniforms strict discipline.
        • Subjects like History were controlled
        • Role models such as Pavlik Morozov to encourage part loyalty rather than family.
      • The Cultural revolution.
        • Schools focused on practical skills
          • 150,000 enrolled in technical and political collage courses.
            • To create skilled working class
    • Art and culture
      • Lenin's Russia
        • Great creativity and freedom.
        • Needed to educate the masses and strengthen the party.
      • Cultural revolution
        • Organisations set up to create art for working classes.
        • The Russian Association of Proletarian Writers.
        • Had to convey a specific message.
          • Easy to understand.
      • The great retreat.
        • Censorship constantly changed.
        • Books and films were re edited
        • Artists became victims of the terror
    • Religion
      • Lenin's Russia
        • Used civil war to loot church
        • Decree on the separation of church possessions.
      • Cultural revolution
        • Onslaught continued
        • 82% of churches closed
      • The Great Retreat
        • Attacks continued 1 in 40 open by end of 1940.
        • Churches were allowed to open when Nazi's invaded.
          • Gave people hope.
    • Importance of family
      • Stalin wanted loyal productive, socialist citizens.
      • Had to return to the central importance of family
    • Cult of Stalin
      • At first portrayed as loyal pupil of Lenin.
      • History re written to show Stalin as Lenin's right hand man.
      • Power struggle was written out.
      • Towns, mountains, streets named after Stalin.
      • Stalin's birthday became a national holiday.
      • After WWII achieved god like status
        • Image projected in the sky on his 70th birthday.
        • Became master of Eastern Europe.

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