How far where economic problems responisble for Stalins decision to replace NEP in 1928 with the five year plans

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  • how far where economic problems responsible for Stalin's decision to replace the new economic policy in 1928 with the five year plans
    • Ideological
      • Socialism was only possible in a highly industrialised society
      • Russia was maybe 100 years behind other leading countries
      • Stalin aimed to bridge the gap in 10 years
      • Under NEP peasants had prospered and the working class had not Stalin wished to change this
        • wanted to replace industrial managers with peasant workers and called them "Red specialists"
    • Economic (stated arguement)
      • The NEP had failed to industrialise Russia
        • even supporters of the policy ackowladged that it lacked the ability to industrialise russia at any speed
        • production of Iron, Oil and copper never exceeded levels in the last years of Tsarism
        • Did not produce results fast enough
      • production in crude oil and and coal (which was in demand by the people and the state) was low and far behind european countries
    • Political
      • the "sucesses" of collectivisation inspired the idea that crash industrialisation was possible
      • Now Stalin had won the leadership battle he was no longer conserved with looking like he was Lenins pupil
        • wanted his reputation to exceed lenin's. made a speech about the failing of Lenin.
      • clearly Lenins time was over and this was Stalin russia
        • wanted his reputation to exceed lenin's. made a speech about the failing of Lenin.
      • The USSR needed to be ready to defend itself
        • heavy industry was crucial to modern warfare
        • capitalist states that would war with them where far ahead
  • heavy industry was crucial to modern warfare

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