Stages of attachments

  • Created by: MollyL20
  • Created on: 30-10-20 13:11
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  • Stages of social attachment
    • Stage 1: Asocial stage First few weeks- 2 months
      • The babies behaviour between non-human objects and humans are quite similar
      • They may show some preference for familiar adults in that those individuals can calm them down
      • Babies are also happier in presence of adults
    • Stage 2: Indiscriminate attachment   2-7 months
      • Displayed more observable behaviour. They show a preference for people rather than inanimate objects, they recognise and prefer familiar adults
      • Babies accept comfort and cuddles from any adult
      • Don't usually show separation or stranger anxiety and is therefore said to be indiscriminate
    • Stage 3: Specific attachment From 7 months
      • Start to display stranger anxiety, when separated from one particular person. The mother in 65% of the cases
      • Babies have formed specific attachment and this adult is the primary attachment
      • Not necessarily the person that spends the most time with the child but who offers the most interaction and responds to the babies signals with the most skill
    • Stage 4: Multiple attachments
      • Shortly after the primary attachment is formed, and is then usually extended to multiple attachments with other adults who they regularly spend time with called secondary attachments
      • In Schaffer's and Emerson's study, 29% of children made secondary attachments within a moth of making the initial attachment
      • By the age of a year most infants have made both primary and secondary attachments


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