Soviet Union - Lenin's Responsibility for Totalitarian Government

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  • Lenin's responsibility for totalitarian government 1918-53?
    • Responsible
      • Established the structures totalitarianism would employ
    • Nomenklatura
      • Promoted members on loyalty
        • Politburo remained rather exclusive
          • Top-Down hierarchy and policy-making
        • Top-Down hierarchy and policy-making
        • Former bourgeoisie composed the elite however
      • Administrative Advantages
        • Rabkrin allowed Stalin to incriminate members
        • Bureaucracy suppressed opposition
          • Membership preferred greater opportunities
      • Incentives encouraged loyalty in low structures
    • Purging
      • Ban on Factions
        • Consolidated Communist state gains
          • Newspaper circulation tightly controlled
        • Arrested Opposition Leadership
          • Over 5000 Menshiviks arrested 1921
      • Lower Party Structures
        • Suffered
          • Ban on Factions
            • Consolidated Communist state gains
              • Newspaper circulation tightly controlled
            • Arrested Opposition Leadership
              • Over 5000 Menshiviks arrested 1921
        • Especially targeted under Stalin
      • Chitska
        • Third of the Party purged
          • Employed in the Civil War
        • Predecessor to Stalin's Great Purge
    • Collective Leadership
      • Strong Opposition within the Politburo membership
        • Ban on Factions
          • Stalin eliminated Party opponents
        • Rubber-Stamping limited to lower party structures
          • Lenin commanded greater influence than anyone else
            • Brest-Litovsk & NEP
        • Divided over the NEP
          • Bukharin supported
            • Stalin only sought ideological advantages
          • Trotsky opposed
            • Stalin only sought ideological advantages

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