Sonata for Horn, Trumpet and Trombone (Poulenc)

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  • Context
    • Sonata for Horn, Trumpet and Trombone (Poulenc)
      • Structure
        • Ternary Form
          • Bars 1-25 A: G major (modulating to the dominant and back)
          • Bars 26-57 B: Mainly in Bb major (at first slow, but fast from the last quaver of bar 39)
          • Bars 57(4)-89 A1: G major (vaired repeat of Section A with a reference to Section B in bars 65-72
      • Texture
        • Unusual balance of the trio- gives detailed instructions and differntiated dynamics
        • Mainly consists of melody-dominated homophony- the texture.
          • The tune is often in the trumpet part, but the horn takes the lead in bars 30-33 and 40-47.
      • Forces
        • Brass ensemble is usually written for at least a quartet
        • Very few unaccompanied solos provide short breaks for the other two parts
      • Melody
        • Simple diatonic melodies (opening trumpet theme)
        • Classical-like periodic phrasing (bars 1-4 end with a perfect cadence in the tonic and are answered by bars 5-8 which end with a perfect cadence in the dominant
      • Rhythm
        • Syncopation (bars 13-14)
      • Harmonies
        • Tonal harmonies (chord I.IV and V in bars 1-4)
        • Use of discords that spice-up conventional progressions
    • Francis Poulenc was a 20th Century composer who had considerable success in a wide range of musical genres
    • Written in late 1922 and first performed on 4 January 1923- Later revised in 1945
    • Part of a group known as Les Six
      • Inspired by the work of Eric Sartie
    • Greatly admired stravinsky
    • Humour, short-winded phrases that constantly change metre and tempo

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