Poulenc - Sonata for Horn, Trumpet and Trombone: movement I

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  • Created by: Francisca
  • Created on: 05-04-13 20:03
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  • Poulenc - Sonata for Horn, Trumpet and Trombone: movement I
    • Background
      • Composed in 1922
      • Influences from Stravinsky
      • Style - Neoclassical
      • First movement of a three work movement
      • Concert performance by proffesionals
    • Rhythm and metre
      • Quadruple time - 4/4 occasional 3/4
      • Variations in tempo - central section  has slow and fast sections - concluding section slow
      • Acceleration
      • Other features  include:
        • Syncopation
        • Anacrusis
        • Augmentation
        • Rhythmic displacement
    • Melody
      • Largely diatonic
      • Periodic phrasing reflects classical influences
      • Opens with broken chord motif
      • Larger leaps include octaves and 6ths...
      • And at bar 36 two octave leaps in the trumpet part
      • Ornamentation
      • Major-minor fluctuations
    • Harmony
      • Use of functional progressions with cadences
      • Neoclassical style evident - in the wrong note harmony
    • Tonality
      • keys clearly defined
      • Use of modulation - helps define structure
    • Structure
      • Ternary form with coda
      • 1-25 : Section A, G major modulating to D
      • 26-57: B1 - E flat and B2 - B flat
      • 57-85:  Section A, G major incorporates part of B2
      • Coda - chromaticism clouds key, last two bars clear that it is G major
    • Instrumentation
      • Written for...
        • Horn in F
        • Trumpet in C
        • Trombone
      • All parts require considerable skill to perform
    • Texture
      • melody dominated homophony
      • Accompaniment split between trumpet and trombone
      • Limited resources - lean harmonic support, broken chord patterns are used to supply this element

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