Socialist Movement and Pressure Groups

Unit one The socialist movement and pressure groups until 1914

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  • Socialist Movement/ Pressure groups
    • Socialist movement
      • The Anti-Socialist Laws did little to dampen the working class's enthusiasm for political action
        • August Babel, the leader of the SPD committed to a Marxist programme eventually, he rejected bourgeois parties and believed revolution was inevitable
      • By 1910 the SPD had 720,000 members which made it by far, the biggest party in Europe
        • The 1912 election saw the SPD become the strongest party in the Reichstag with 110 seats.
    • Pressure Groups
      • Nationalist Pressure Groups - Pressured for German colonial expansion
        • German colonial league - Found in 1882 and was concerned with the acquisition of German colonies
        • Pan German League - Found in 1890 and was committed to German colonies but also German dominance in Europe. Strong support for the political establishment
        • Navy League - Found in 1898 and became highly popular, the tried to promote naval expansion
      • Economic Pressure Groups
        • Central Association of German Industries - Found in 1886 to protect industrial interests. Considered the most powerful pressure group.
        • Agrarian League - Found in 1893 to protect Agrarian interests. Gained support from the peasantry and pushed for subsidies for agriculture
  • By 1910 the SPD had 720,000 members which made it by far, the biggest party in Europe
    • The 1912 election saw the SPD become the strongest party in the Reichstag with 110 seats.

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