Socialisation and Social roles

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  • Socialisation and social roles
    • What is socialisation?
      • The passing on of culture.
      • Primary and secondary
      • Cultural norms and values are not fixed
        • They vary according to time and place.
      • Through socialisation norms and values are internalised
    • Primary socialisation
      • The family
      • In early childhood
      • Children internalise norms etc. by imitating their parents
      • They are rewarded for socially acceptable behaviour and punished for what society views as deviant.
      • Children who are deprived of socialisation during their early developement often cant function as a social adult I.e. Genie wilder
    • Secondary socialistion
      • Education
        • aims to pass on Knowledge and skills
        • Durkheim- schools promote consensus.
        • Bowels and Gintis - Hidden curriculum.
      • Religion
      • The workplace
      • The Media
        • Althusser argues that the media has now replaced religion in **.
      • Peer groups
        • They can influence either conformity or deviance
        • Subcultures
    • Social Roles
      • An important part of socialisation is that each individual ends of with a number of roles
        • Roles are associated with different types of status.
      • Status = your position in a social hierarchy
      • Roles = the behaviours and actions you take on because of your status.
      • Status can be ascribed (fixed at birth) or it can be achieved through education and work.


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