Social Disengagement Theory

View mindmap
  • Social Disengagement Theory
    • Disengagement means to withdraw from involvement
    • Key Points
      • Naturally withdraw from social involvement as they get older
      • Experience reduced social contract
      • Become increasingly 'individual' and less concerned with others' expectations
      • A natural part of ageing
    • ******* and Henry
    • Issues that limit social interaction
      • Ill health
        • Poor mobility or problems with hearing / vision may make interaction with other people more difficult
      • Geographical location
        • Moving away to areas away from friends and relatives in retirement
        • Family members may move away from older people in order to seek better housing or employment
      • Retirement
        • Retiring from work may mean less contact with people
      • Ill health of friends and relatives
        • Friends or relatives may visit or contact less frequently if they have poor mobility or other disabilities
    • Critiques
      • Very little statistical evidence to support this theory
      • Bromley
        • Argued that older people needed to disengage from going too far
        • Just providing facilities for individuals was not enough
          • Older adults must be shown how to use them to encourage an active lifestyle
        • Important to remain mentally active, maintain an interest in life, and enjoy the company of others
    • There was no internet when the theory was created
      • No mobile phones
        • Limited access to transport
      • Older adults now:
        • Spend more time with children and their grandchildren
        • Join new social groups and clubs
        • Remain mentally active with hobbies
        • Use internet communications
        • Make phone calls/ FaceTime


No comments have yet been made

Similar Health & Social Care resources:

See all Health & Social Care resources »See all Unit 1 resources »